Food Plants on Fire

We’re living in an unprecedented time when strange happenings continue to occur in quick succession. In March 2021, a massive container ship became wedged across the Suez Canal in Egypt — blocking “an artery of world trade,” triggering a rise in oil prices and leading to fallout that affected shipping around the globe.1

Now, war has disrupted supplies further, driving up fertilizer prices and, in turn, food costs. Meanwhile, Bill Gates has been buying up U.S. farmland at a frenzied pace and owns more farmland than any other private farmer in the country.2 Leaders around the world have warned that, due to the war in Ukraine — which is considered the world’s bread basket — food shortages are coming.

On top of that, the Really Graceful video posted above points out, cases of bird flu have been reported in the U.S., with millions of poultry killed off by farmers as a result. “All of these incidents have driven up the price of items at your grocery store,”3 the video notes, but there’s yet another series of events that is somehow even stranger — a rash of fires at U.S. food processing plants.

Could this all be coincidence, driving up food prices to record highs and causing food shortages, or is something more sinister going on?

Fires and Accidents at Food Processing Plants: Coincidence?

In the whole of 2019, there were only two reported fires at U.S. food processing plants. From January 2021 to April 21, 2022, at least 20 were reported — a sizable jump — and they seem to be accelerating in recent weeks.4 Here’s a timeline of some of the events:

August 9, 2019 — A fire destroyed part of the Tyson Foods beef plant in Holcomb, Kansas.5

January 12, 2021 — A fire destroyed the Deli Star meat plant in Fayetteville, Illinois.6 In fighting the blaze, firefighters used most of the water in the town’s water towers, leading to a boil order for residents until the water could be replenished.

January 21, 2021 — The Washington Potato Company plant was declared a total loss after a fire started in the plant’s dehydrator.7

July 25, 2021 — A three-alarm fire occurred at a Kellogg plant in Memphis, Tennessee, drawing 170 emergency personnel to the scene.8

August 24, 2021 — Severe damage was reported following a fire at Patak Meat Processing facility in Cobb County, Georgia,9 leading to a temporary closure.

September 12, 2021 — A five-alarm fire broke out at JBS USA’s beef processing plant in Grand Island, Nebraska.10 The plant slaughters about 5% of U.S. cattle. “This year, processing capacity has already been squeezed by COVID disruptions and labor availability and the industry can ill afford losing a big processing plant like this,” Steiner Consulting told Reuters at the time.11

November 29, 2021 — A fire broke out at Maid Rite Steak Company, a meat processing plant in Scott, Pennsylvania.12

December 12, 2021 — West Side food processing plant was left with smoke damage estimated at over $100,000 due to a fire that broke out. No one was working at the plant at the time of the fire.13

January 2, 2022 — A fire at Van Drunen Farms Tuthill freeze-drying plant in Momence, Illinois, suffered extensive damage from a fire, with a company official describing it as a “total loss.”14

January 14, 2022 — An explosion and fire occurred at the Cargill-Nutrena feed mill in Lecompte, Louisiana, burning for 12 hours.15

February 3, 2022 — Fire swept through Wisconsin River Meats in Mauston, Wisconsin, causing a near total loss.16

February 17, 2022 — A fire broke out at the Louis Dreyfus Co. (LDC) in Claypool, Indiana.17 LDC is the largest soybean processing and biodiesel plant in the U.S.

February 22, 2022 — A boiler explosion triggered a fire at Shearer’s Foods near Hermiston, Oregon. Company officials estimated it would take 15 to 18 months to restart production.18 The plant made snacks including potato chips, tortillas, whole grain chips, cheese curls/puffs, popcorn, pork rinds, rice crisps, wafers, cookies, and both sweet and savory biscuits.

March 13, 2022 — A Hot Pockets plant in Jonesboro, Arkansas, was shut down after a fire started inside a production line cooler.19

March 16, 2022 — A massive fire at a Walmart fulfillment center in Plainfield, Indiana, caused the closure of the facility. In April, the company announced it would not be reopening the facility, affecting the jobs of 1,132 employees.20 The center stored food, clothes and cardboard.21

March 28, 2022 — A fire at Maricopa Food Pantry in Maricopa, Arizona, leading to the destruction of more than 50,000 pounds of food.22

March 31, 2022 — Rio Fresh, an onion warehouse facility in south Texas, was damaged by a structure fire.23

April 11, 2022 — A fire broke out at East Conway Beef & Pork in Conway, New Hampshire, destroying the building and killing two cows.24

April 13, 2022 — A plane crashed into the Gem State processing facility in Heyburn, Idaho.25 The plant made dehydrated potato flakes, flours, dices, slices and shreds.26

April 13, 2022 — A four-alarm fire occurred at Taylor Farms in Salinas, California, drawing nearly 100 firefighters from 22 fire units. The facility, which makes bagged salads and chopped fresh vegetable kits,27 was in the process of restarting operations after being closed for the winter.28

April 18, 2022 — The headquarters of Azure Standard in Dufur, Oregon, was destroyed in a fire. Azure Standard the largest independent distributor of organic and health foods in the U.S.29

April 30 2022 — A soybean processing tank caught fire at Perdue Farms in Chesapeake, Virginia.30

What’s Behind Rising Food Prices?

People are beginning to take notice of these seemingly random fires and accidents that are occurring with increasing frequency at food processing plants across the U.S. As noted by Really Graceful:31

“We’ve got all these factors at play to cause food shortages and increased prices. But are we witnessing total happenstance and coincidence or is it intentional? Are they trying to take down our food supply? Are they trying to sabotage our supply chain? And by ‘they,’ who do we mean? The enemy from within or an enemy of a foreign variety?”

There are no concrete answers to these questions, unfortunately, but we’re witnessing what appears to be the perfect storm for sky-high food prices and food scarcity. The global food price index hit its highest recorded level in March 2022, rising 12.6% in a single month.32 On average, food prices were one-third higher than in March 2021. In the U.S., food prices rose 9% in 2021, and are predicted to rise another 4.5% to 5% in the next 12 months.33

The Russia-Ukraine conflict is certainly not helping. As mentioned, Ukraine is known as “the bread basket” of Europe, responsible for producing and exporting 12% of all food calories traded on the international market. Russia is also a major exporter of food and, together with Ukraine, the two countries account for nearly 30% of global wheat exports, nearly 20% of the world’s corn and more than 80% of the sunflower oil.34

Still, the Ukraine conflict is not entirely to blame. Price inflation was already ramping up well before Russia went into Ukraine, thanks to the uncontrolled printing of fiat currencies that occurred in response to the COVID pandemic. Governments’ COVID response have also wreaked havoc with global supply chains, causing disruptions that continue to this day.

The climate has also been uncooperative, causing poor harvests around the world. China, for example, has reported it expects the lowest harvest yields in history this year, thanks to serious flooding of its farmland in the fall of 2021.35

Are We Entering Phase 2 of The Great Reset Plan?

By now, you may have heard about the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Great Reset and their plan for you to “own nothing and be happy” as part of WEF’s 2030 agenda.36 In the first quarter of 2021, 15% of U.S. homes sold were purchased by corporate investors37 — not families looking to achieve their American dream.

While they’re competing with middle-class Americans for the homes, the average American has virtually no chance of winning a home over an investment firm, which may pay 20% to 50% over asking price,38 in cash, sometimes scooping up entire neighborhoods at once so they can turn them into rentals.39 It appears we’re quickly entering an era where home ownership is becoming out of reach for many — necessitating renting instead of owning, a first step to “owning nothing.”

World war, however, is Phase 2 of The Great Reset plan, which includes the destruction of supply chains, the energy sector, food supply and workforce, to create dependency on government, which in turn will be taken over by private interests and central banks through the collapse of the global economy. An anonymous correspondent recently wrote about this on

“Welcome to the second phase of the Great Reset: war. While the pandemic acclimatized the world to lockdowns, normalized the acceptance of experimental medications, precipitated the greatest transfer of wealth to corporations by decimating SMEs [small and medium-sized businesses] and adjusted the muscle memory of workforce operations in preparation for a cybernetic future, an additional vector was required to accelerate the economic collapse before nations can ‘Build Back Better.’”

The article presents “several ways in which the current conflict between Russia and Ukraine is the next catalyst for the World Economic Forum’s Great Reset agenda, facilitated by an interconnected web of global stakeholders and a diffuse network of public-private partnerships.”

Disruption to supply chains fit right into this plan, while food shortages, driven by the many factors discussed and, perhaps, orchestrated attacks on food plants, will accelerate the acceptance of synthetic foods, such as lab-grown meat, which has also been championed by Great Reset front men like Bill Gates.

Of course, it’s possible that Gates buying up farmland, The Great Reset’s push to build a nation of renters, world leaders warning of food shortages, a war and, now, an unexplained jump and apparent acceleration in fires at food plants could all be just coincidence — or could it? What do you think?


Did Pfizer Commit Huge Fraud in Its COVID Vaccine Research?

In November 2021, Brook Jackson, a whistleblower who worked on Pfizer’s Phase 3 COVID jab trial in the fall of 2020, warned she’d seen evidence of fraud in the trial.

Data were falsified, patients were unblinded, the company hired poorly trained people to administer the injections, and follow-up on reported side effects lagged way behind. The revelation was published in The British Medical Journal. In his November 2, 2021, report, investigative journalist Paul Thacker wrote:1

“Revelations of poor practices at a contract research company helping to carry out Pfizer’s pivotal COVID-19 vaccine trial raise questions about data integrity and regulatory oversight …

[F]or researchers who were testing Pfizer’s vaccine at several sites in Texas during that autumn, speed may have come at the cost of data integrity and patient safety … Staff who conducted quality control checks were overwhelmed by the volume of problems they were finding.”

Jackson, a former regional director of Ventavia Research Group, a research organization charged with testing Pfizer’s COVID jab at several sites in Texas, repeatedly “informed her superiors of poor laboratory management, patient safety concerns and data integrity issues,” Thacker wrote.

When her concerns were ignored, she finally called the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and filed a complaint via email. Jackson was fired later that day after just two weeks on the job. According to her separation letter, management decided she was “not a good fit” for the company after all.

She provided The BMJ with “dozens of internal company documents, photos, audio recordings and emails” proving her concerns were valid, and according to Jackson, this was the first time she’d ever been fired in her 20-year career as a clinical research coordinator.

BMJ Report Censored

Disturbingly, social media actually censored this BMJ article and published pure falsehoods in an effort to “debunk” it. Mind you, the BMJ is one of the oldest and most respected peer-reviewed medical journals in the world! The Facebook “fact check” was done by Lead Stories, a Facebook contractor, which claimed the BMJ “did NOT reveal disqualifying and ignored reports of flaws in Pfizer’s” trials.2

In response, The BMJ slammed the fact check, calling it “inaccurate, incompetent and irresponsible.”3,4,5 In an open letter6 addressed to Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg, The BMJ urged Zuckerberg to “act swiftly” to correct the erroneous fact check, review the processes that allowed it to occur in the first place, and “generally to reconsider your investment in and approach to fact checking overall.” As noted by The BMJ in its letter, the Lead Stories’ fact check:7

  • Inaccurately referred to The BMJ as a “news blog”
  • Failed to specify any assertions of fact that The BMJ article got wrong
  • Published the fact check on the Lead Stories’ website under a URL that contains the phrase “hoax-alert”

Pfizer Trial Data Raises Suspicions of Fraud

Now, with the release of Pfizer trial data8 — which they tried to withhold for 75 years — internet sleuths are finding additional problems suggestive of fraud and data manipulation. May 9, 2022, a Twitter user named Jikkyleaks posted a series of tweets questioning data from Pfizer trial sites 1231 and 4444.9

Trial site 1231, located in Argentina, somehow managed to recruit 10% of the total trial participants, 4,501 in all, and they did so in just three weeks, and without a contract research organization (CRO). CROs like the Ventavia Research Group, which Jackson worked for, provide clinical trial management services. The lead investigator for trial site 1231 is Dr. Fernando Polack,10 who also happens to be:11

  • A consultant for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee (RBPAC) since 2017
  • A current adjunct professor at Vanderbilt University in Tennessee
  • An investigator for Fundación Infant,12 which is funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates foundation13
  • The first author of Pfizer’s paper,14 “Safety and Efficacy of the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine,” published at the end of December 2021

As noted by Jikkyleaks, Polack “is literally the busiest doctor on the planet,” because in addition to all those roles, he also managed to single-handedly enroll 4,500 patients in three weeks, which entails filling out some 250 pages of case report forms (CRFs) for each patient. That’s about 1,125,000 pages total. (CRFs are documents used in clinical research to record standardized data from each patient, including adverse events.)

This recruitment also took place seven days a week, which is another red flag. “Weekend recruitment for a clinical trial would be odd. Staff are needed to fill out that many record forms (CRFs) and there are potential risks to the trial, so you need medical staff. It would be highly unusual,” Jikkyleaks notes.

Is Polack just a super-humanly efficient trial investigator, or could this be evidence of fraud? As noted by Steve Kirsch in the featured video and an accompanying Substack article,15 Polack is the coordinator for a network of 26 hospitals in Argentina, so perhaps it’s possible he could have recruited 57 patients per week per hospital, but it seems highly unlikely.

Questions Surround Site 4444 Data

Now, “site 4444” does not exist. It’s actually the same as site 1231. It appears site 1231 held a second enrollment session, and these were for some reason given the designation of 4444. The 4444 trial site data raise another red flag.

Site 4444 (the second enrollment session for site 1231) supposedly enrolled 1,275 patients in a single week, from September 22 through 27, 2020, and the suspicious thing about that — aside from the speed — is the fact that this was the last week that recruitment could take place to meet the data cutoff for the FDA meeting in December 2020. Jikkyleads writes:16

“My guess: they needed enough numbers of ‘positive PCR tests’ in the placebo group to show a difference between groups for that VRBPAC meeting on the 10th Dec, and they didn’t have them. So, site 4444 appeared and gave them their ‘perfect’ result. Bravo.”

cumulative incidence

Kirsch notes:17

“Was there fraud in the Pfizer trial? Without a doubt. The story of Maddie de Garay is a clear case of that. Brook Jackson has evidence of fraud; she has 17 lawyers working for her. If there wasn’t fraud, these lawyers wouldn’t be wasting their time.

This new data on Site 1231/4444 looks suspicious to me. It looks too good to be true. But we can’t make the call without more information. Undoubtedly, the mainstream media will not look into this, Pfizer will remain silent, and Polack will be unreachable for comment. The lack of transparency should be troubling to everyone. That is the one thing we can say for sure.”

Pfizer Documents Reveal COVID Jab Dangers

Among the tens of thousands of Pfizer documents released by the FDA so far, we now also have clear evidence of harm. For nurse educator John Campbell, featured in the video above, these documents appear to have served as a “red pill,”18 waking him up to the possibility that the jabs may indeed be far more dangerous than anyone expected, including himself.

In the video, Campbell reviews the documents listed as “5.3.6. Postmarketing Experience,” which were originally marked “confidential.” They reveal that, cumulatively, through February 28, 2021, Pfizer received 42,086 adverse event reports, including 1,223 deaths.

To have 1,223 fatalities and 42,086 reports of injury in the first three months is a significant safety signal, especially when you consider that the 1976 swine flu vaccine was pulled after only 25 deaths.

As noted by Campbell, “It would have been good to know about this at the time, wouldn’t it?” referring to the rollout of the jabs. Campbell has been fairly consistent in his support of the “safe and effective” vaccine narrative, but “This has just destroyed trust in authority,” he said.

158,000 Recorded Side Effects — A World Record?

The first really large tranche of more than 10,000 Pfizer documents was released March 1, 2022. (You can find them all on In this batch were no less than nine single-space pages of “adverse events of special interest,” listed in alphabetical order20 — 158,000 in all!

To see the first page, click the link below. The first side effect on this shockingly exhaustive list is a rare condition known as 1p36 deletion syndrome. This condition, caused by the deletion of DNA in chromosome 1p36, results in developmental delays, severe intellectual disability, seizures, vision problems, hearing loss, breathing problems, brain anomalies, congenital heart defects, cardiomyopathy, renal anomalies, genital malformation, metabolic problems and more.21,22

Life expectancy depends on the amount of DNA that has been deleted. This, at bare minimum, sounds like something a pregnant woman might want to know before she gets the shot.

pfizer list release

>>>>> Click here <<<<<

CRF Anomalies Raise Questions of Fraud

After reviewing some of the released CRFs in the March 1 tranche, investigative journalist Sonia Elijah also discovered several problems, including the following:23

Patients entered into the “healthy population” group who were far from healthy — For example, one such “healthy” participant was a Type 2 diabetic with angina, a cardiac stent and a history of heart attack.

Serious adverse event (SAE) numbers were left blank — Ventavia site No. 1085 has a particularly large number of missing SAE numbers.

Missing barcodes for samples collected — Without those barcodes, you can’t match the sample to the participant.

Suspicious-looking SAE start and end dates — For example, the so-called “healthy” diabetic suffered a “serious” heart attack October 27, 2020. The “end” date is listed as October 28, the next day, which is odd because it was recorded as serious enough to require hospitalization.

Also, on that same day, October 28, the patient was diagnosed with pneumonia, so likely remained hospitalized. “This anomaly raises doubt as to the accuracy of these recorded dates, potentially violating ALOCA-C clinical site documentation guidelines for clinical trials,” Elijah writes.

Unblinded teams were responsible for reviewing adverse event reports for signs of COVID cases, and to review severe COVID cases — Yet in some cases they appear to have dismissed the possibility of an event being COVID-related, such as pneumonia. This despite the fact that Pfizer’s protocol (section 8.2.4) lists “enhanced COVID-19” (i.e., antibody dependent enhancement) as a potential side effect to be on the lookout for. As noted by Elijah:

“Inadvertently, this could have led to bias, as the unblinded teams would have been aware which participants were assigned the placebo and those who received the vaccine. They might have been under pressure by the sponsor for the trial to go a certain way and for events like ‘COVID Pneumonia’ to be classified simply as pneumonia.”

Impossible dating — The diabetic who suffered a heart attack followed by pneumonia (which may have been unacknowledged COVID pneumonia) died, and the date of death is listed as the day before the patient supposedly went for a “COVID ill” visit.

Clearly, it’s impossible for a dead person to attend a medical visit, so something is wrong here. The clinical investigator note states: “There cannot be a date later than date of death. Please remove data from the COVID illness visit and add cough and shortness of breath as AEs (adverse events).” “What kind of pressure was being exerted here?” Elijah asks.

Second dose administered outside the three-week protocol window.

Observation period appears to have been an automatic entry — According to the protocol, each participant was to be observed by staff for a minimum of 30 minutes.

A majority of the CRFs state 30 minutes, which raises the question: Were participants observed for adequate amounts of time, or did they simply put down “30 minutes” as an automatic entry? Why is there so little variety in the observation times? If participants were not adequately observed, their safety was put at risk, which was one of Jackson’s concerns.

Adverse events listed as “not serious” despite extended hospital stay — In one case, the participant fell and suffered facial lacerations the day after the second dose and was hospitalized for 26 days, yet the fall was not reported as serious.

Other anomalies in this particular case include listing the fall as being caused by a “fall” unrelated to the study treatment, and the facial laceration being the result of “hypotension” (low blood pressure). The SAE number is also missing for the facial lacerations.

Elijah writes, “Doubts can be raised over the credibility of this information given the fall and facial lacerations were intrinsically related. So, if facial lacerations were due to ‘hypotension’ then the fall should be due to that too.” Might low blood pressure be an effect of the experimental shot? Possibly. Especially when you consider the patient fell the day after being given the second dose.

Even more suspicious: the causality for the fall was recorded as “related” (to the treatment) on the serious adverse event form, but listed as “not related” on the adverse event CRF. A note states, “Please confirm correct causality.”

Dismissing brand new health problems as unrelated to the treatment — For example, in one case, a female participant with no medical history of impaired kidney function was diagnosed with kidney stones and severe hypokalemia, requiring hospitalization, one month after her second dose. Yet despite her having no history of kidney problems, both events were dismissed as “not related” to the study treatment and no further investigation was done.

In closing, Elijah wrote:24

“All the evidence gleaned over a limited time appears to back up whistleblower Jackson’s claims of poor trial site data management and raises questions as to how Ventavia conducted the Pfizer clinical trials.

The errors and anomalies in the CRFs also allude to her claims that the clinical research associates were not trained adequately, with many having had no prior clinical experience history. If such egregious findings are true at these sites, could they manifest at other trial sites around North America and beyond?”

Can You Trust Pfizer?

Pfizer, which was quickly given emergency use authorization (EUA) for its COVID-19 mRNA gene therapy shot, has a long list of criminal verdicts against it:

In 2002, Pfizer and two subsidiaries paid $49 million to settle civil claims that it had failed to report best prices for its drug Lipitor, as is required under the Medicaid Drug Rebate Statute.25

In 2004, a Pfizer subsidiary Warner-Lambert pleaded guilty and paid more than $430 million to settle criminal charges and civil liability from fraudulent marketing practices.26

In 2007, another subsidiary was found guilty of paying out kickbacks for formulary placement of its drugs and had to pay a fine of $34 million.27

Two years later, in 2009, Pfizer was found guilty of health care fraud and ordered to pay the largest penalty ever for this kind of offense.28 When announcing the record penalty of $2.3 billion against the drug giant, the U.S. Department of Justice said one of the charges was a felony. The other charges stemmed from false actions and false claims submitted to federal health care programs.

In 2010, the company was again ordered to pay $142 million in damages for fraudulent marketing and promoting the drug Neurontin for unapproved uses.29

Less than 10 years later, in 2018, Pfizer was again caught in an illegal kickback scheme and agreed to pay $23.8 million to resolve claims that it used a foundation as a conduit to pay the copays of Medicare patients taking three of its drugs.30

As noted in the journal Healthcare Policy in 2010,31 “Pfizer has been a ‘habitual offender,’ persistently engaging in illegal and corrupt marketing practices, bribing physicians and suppressing adverse trial results.” The article also highlights the crimes of Johnson & Johnson, another COVID jab maker.

Despite its tarnished history, we’re now expected to trust that everything Pfizer does is above-board. I don’t think so. A company that continues getting caught committing the same crimes over and over again clearly has a deeply established ethical rot within its corporate structure that fines simply have no effect over.

Has Pfizer committed fraud in its COVID jab trials as well? It sure looks that way. Time will tell whether attorneys will have enough for a conviction in the future. If fraud did take place, Pfizer can (and likely will) be held liable for the more than one million injuries its injection has caused in the U.S. alone, and we all look forward to that reckoning.


Two Remarkable Stress Relief Supplements; Take Them Together

This article was previously published June 10, 2019, and has been updated with new information.

You may be familiar with the connection between magnesium, calcium and vitamins K2 and D and how they work in tandem. But are you aware of the crucial link between magnesium and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)? Individually, magnesium and vitamin B6 are both essential for heart and brain health. Both also play roles in the regulation of your blood sugar level.1,2

When you get insufficient amounts of magnesium from your diet, your body will leach magnesium from your bones, muscles and internal organs, which can lead to osteoporosis, kidney problems and liver damage.

Vitamin B6 can help ameliorate this by escorting magnesium to the cells that need it most, thus ensuring that the magnesium you’re getting, whether from foods or supplements, is being used as efficiently as possible. In so doing, vitamin B6 also helps augment the many benefits of magnesium.

Magnesium-B6 Combo Is Superior for Severe Stress

The importance of magnesium in combination with vitamin B6 was presented in a 2018 study3 in the journal PLOS ONE. Taken together, these two nutrients have been shown to have a complementary effect on stress reduction in animal studies.

In this randomized trial, they evaluated whether the combination of magnesium and B6 would improve perceived stress levels in 264 human subjects who also had low magnesium to start. Healthy adults with a depression anxiety stress scale score above 18 and a serum level of magnesium between 0.45 nanomoles per liter (mmol/L) and 0.85 mmol/L were randomized to receive either:

  1. 300 milligrams (mg) of magnesium in combination with 30 mg of vitamin B6
  2. 300 mg of magnesium only

The primary endpoint was a reduction in stress score from baseline to Week 8. While both treatment groups experienced similar reductions in their stress scores — the magnesium-B6 combo group reporting a 44.9% reduction in perceived stress and the magnesium-only group a 42.4% reduction — a more significant impact was shown in those with severe and/or extremely severe stress.

According to the authors, adults with a stress score at or above 25 had a 24% greater improvement with magnesium-vitamin B6 versus magnesium only at Week 8. Those taking magnesium and B6 in combination also experienced fewer side effects: 12.1% of those taking magnesium-vitamin B6 versus 17.4% of those taking magnesium only experienced some form of adverse event. As noted by the authors:4

“These findings suggest oral Mg supplementation alleviated stress in healthy adults with low magnesemia and the addition of vitamin B6 to Mg was not superior to Mg supplementation alone. With regard to subjects with severe/extremely severe stress, this study provides clinical support for greater benefit of Mg combined with vitamin B6.”

Magnesium and B6 May Ease Premenstrual Syndrome

Magnesium and vitamin B6 are two nutrients commonly recommended for women struggling with premenstrual syndrome. According to a research paper5 published in the Journal of Caring Sciences, magnesium deficiency has been proposed “as one of the factors causing and intensifying premenstrual syndrome symptoms,” and magnesium appears to work because it has a calming effect on the neuromuscular system.

“Vitamin B6 is another proposed treatment for this syndrome,” the paper notes.6 “On the one hand vitamin B6 increases serotonin and dopamine levels and improves premenstrual syndrome symptoms, and on the other, it has an essential role in the synthesis of prostaglandin and fatty acids, which are reduced in etiologies causing premenstrual syndrome.

Moreover, researchers believe that vitamin B6 deficiency decreases dopamine in the kidneys and therefore increase sodium excretion, which in turn causes water accumulation in the body and induces symptoms such as swelling in extremities, edema, and abdominal and chest discomfort. The administration of vitamin B6 can thus decrease these symptoms and improve premenstrual acne.”

To evaluate the effects of these two nutrients on premenstrual syndrome, 126 women diagnosed with premenstrual syndrome, based on American Psychiatric Association criteria, were divided into three groups, which received either 250 mg of magnesium oxide, 250 mg of vitamin B6, or a placebo, taken from the first day of the menstrual cycle until the beginning of the next cycle.

Magnesium and B6 Have Similar Rates of Effectiveness

Overall, magnesium and B6 had similar rates of effectiveness for premenstrual syndrome in this Journal of Caring Sciences study. Mean scores of premenstrual syndrome before and after intervention in the three groups were as follows:

Magnesium Vitamin B6 Placebo
Before intervention 36.89% 36.51% 35.8%
After intervention 22.22% 22.84% 28.41%

As you can see, while the placebo also helped reduce premenstrual syndrome symptoms, magnesium and B6 did so more effectively, and at similar rates. When looking at specific symptoms, B6 and magnesium were found to be the most effective for lowering rates of depression, water retention and anxiety. In conclusion, the authors noted:7

“Considering the importance of premenstrual syndrome and the numerous effects it has on society and the lives of women, health groups should prioritize the diagnosis and treatment of this syndrome. Since there is no definitive etiology and treatment for this syndrome, many researchers have tried to find the best and most effective drug with the least side effects to prevent the occurrence of the syndrome …

The current study was also undertaken with the goal of finding an effective compound with no side effects to reduce the symptoms of this syndrome and its direct and indirect economic and social effects. All compounds used in the current study had no side effects, were effective, non-chemical, and acceptable by most groups of women in the society.

Hence, health groups, especially midwives, can compare the effectiveness the compound on their specific patients and select the most appropriate treatment for each individual. Moreover, in cases where the patient is prohibited from using chemical drugs to treat premenstrual syndrome, such as oral contraceptive pills and gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists, the use of these compounds seems effective …”

Unfortunately, a combination of magnesium and B6 was not evaluated in this study. It would have been interesting to see what their combined effect would have been. Considering the importance of both of these nutrients for health, I see no risk in combining them, though, should you struggle with premenstrual syndrome.

The Importance of Magnesium for Optimal Health

Magnesium8 is the fourth most abundant mineral in your body and the second most common intracellular cation9 (positively charged ion) after potassium. It’s required for the healthy function of most cells in your body, but is especially important for your heart, kidneys and muscles.

Low magnesium will impede your cellular metabolic function and deteriorate mitochondrial function, which can have far-reaching health consequences, seeing how loss of mitochondrial function is a foundational factor in most chronic diseases, including heart disease and cancer.

According to one scientific review,10 which included studies dating as far back as 1937, low magnesium actually appears to be the greatest predictor of heart disease, and other recent research shows even subclinical magnesium deficiency can compromise your cardiovascular health.11

Being one of the most abundant minerals in the human body, it’s not surprising that it has several hundred biological functions. To list just a few, magnesium helps:

  • Relax your muscles as well as your blood vessels — Being deficient in it can cause muscle cramps and weakness
  • Promote mental and physical relaxation — It’s a stress antidote that works by boosting GABA, an inhibitory neurotransmitter that relaxes your nervous system. Magnesium also helps boost your melatonin production
  • Detoxification and reduces damage from electromagnetic fields
  • Regulate blood sugar and improve insulin sensitivity, potentially protecting against Type 2 diabetes

Magnesium Is Required for Activation of Vitamin D

Magnesium is also a component necessary for the activation of vitamin D,12,13,14 and deficiency may hamper your ability to convert vitamin D from sun exposure and/or oral supplementation.

According to Mohammed Razzaque, professor of pathology at Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine in Pennsylvania, coauthor of a study published in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA) in March 2018,15 “By consuming an optimal amount of magnesium, one may be able to lower the risks of vitamin D deficiency, and reduce the dependency on vitamin D supplements.”

Interestingly, the first paper I ever had published, back in 1985, was also in the JAOA. My paper was about the use of calcium to control hypertension, but if I had written the paper this century, it most certainly would have been about the use of magnesium for that purpose.16

A second study,17 published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in December 2018 also concluded that your magnesium status plays an important role in your vitamin D status. Overall, people with high magnesium intake were less likely to have low vitamin D. They also had a lower mortality risk from cardiovascular disease and bowel cancer.

As explained by Dr. Qi Dai, professor of medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and the lead author of this study, “Magnesium deficiency shuts down the vitamin D synthesis and metabolism pathway.” What’s more, magnesium was found to have a regulating effect, raising and lowering vitamin D based on baseline levels.

In people who had a baseline vitamin D level of 30 ng/mL (75 nmol/L) or below, magnesium supplementation raised their vitamin D level. However, in those who started out with higher vitamin D levels (50 ng/mL or 125 nmol/L), magnesium supplementation lowered their vitamin D.

Magnesium for Brain Health and Neurological Functioning

Magnesium is also crucial for optimal brain function, and is a common culprit in neurological ailments, including:

Migraines18,19,20 Researchers have noted that empiric treatment with a magnesium supplement is justified for all migraine sufferers.21

Depression — Magnesium plays an important role in depression as it acts as a catalyst for mood-regulating neurotransmitters like serotonin. Research22 published in 2015 found a significant association between very low magnesium intake and depression, especially in younger adults.

Research23 published in PLOS ONE demonstrated magnesium supplementation improved mild-to-moderate depression in adults, with beneficial effects occurring within two weeks of treatment. In fact, the effects of magnesium were comparable to prescription SSRIs in terms of effectiveness, but without any of the side effects associated with these drugs.

Participants in the treatment group received a daily dose of 248 milligrams (mg) of elemental magnesium for six weeks, while controls received no treatment. According to the authors, “It works quickly and is well tolerated without the need for close monitoring for toxicity.”

Memory problems and loss of brain plasticity — Memory impairment occurs when the connections (synapses) between brain cells diminish. While many factors can come into play, magnesium is an important one.

According to Dr. David Perlmutter, a neurologist and fellow of the American College of Nutrition, “magnesium is a critical player in the activation of nerve channels that are involved in synaptic plasticity.”24 Magnesium threonate, which most effectively permeates the blood-brain-barrier, is likely your best choice here.

The specific brain benefits of magnesium threonate were demonstrated in a 2010 study25 published in the journal Neuron, which found this form of magnesium enhanced “learning abilities, working memory, and short- and long-term memory in rats.”

Health Benefits of Vitamin B6

Like magnesium, vitamin B6 (as well as several other B vitamins) also plays an important role in heart and brain health. It is used in the creation of neurotransmitters, and is required for proper brain development during pregnancy and infancy.26

Vitamins B6, B9 (folate, or folic acid in its synthetic form) and B12 may be particularly important for supporting cognitive function as you age, and have been shown to play a major role in the development of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, which is the most serious and lethal form.

A primary mechanism of action here is the suppression of homocysteine,27 which tends to be elevated when you have brain degeneration. High homocysteine has also been implicated in the development of atherosclerosis.28,29

The good news is your body can eliminate homocysteine naturally, provided you’re getting enough B9 (folate), B6 and B12. One study confirming this was published in 2010.30 Participants received either a placebo or 800 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid (the synthetic form of B9), 500 mcg of B12 and 20 mg of B6.

The study was based on the presumption that by controlling homocysteine levels you might be able to reduce brain atrophy, thereby slowing the onset of Alzheimer’s. Indeed, after two years those who received the vitamin-B regimen had significantly less brain shrinkage compared to the placebo group.

A 2013 study31 took this research a step further, showing that not only do B vitamins slow brain shrinkage, but they specifically slow shrinkage in brain regions known to be most severely impacted by Alzheimer’s disease.

As in the previous study, participants taking high doses of folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12 lowered their blood levels of homocysteine, decreasing brain shrinkage by as much as 90%. High doses of vitamins B6, B8 (inositol) and B12 have also been shown to significantly reduce symptoms of schizophrenia, more so than standard drug treatments alone.32 Vitamin B6 is also important for healthy:

  • Metabolism, by helping break down amino acids in the muscles to be used as energy and by converting lactic acid to glucose in your liver
  • Immune system, as it helps create white blood cells that fight infections
  • Hair and skin health, by reducing hair loss and alleviating dermatitis

How to Improve Your Magnesium and Vitamin B6 Status

The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for magnesium ranges from 310 mg to 420 mg for adults over the age of 19, depending on age, gender and pregnancy status,33 and the adult RDA for vitamin B6 is between 1.2 mg and 2 mg per day, depending on age and gender.34

Both magnesium and vitamin B6 are abundant in whole foods. Good sources of magnesium include leafy greens, berries, avocado, seeds, nuts and raw cacao nibs. Eating a primarily processed food diet is the primary culprit in magnesium deficiency, and if you fall into this group, you’d be wise to take a magnesium supplement.

Vitamin B6 is abundant in animal foods such as beef and wild-caught salmon, as well as dark leafy greens, papaya, oranges, cantaloupe, sweet potatoes, avocados, bananas, spinach, pistachios and sunflower seeds.35 Nutritional yeast is another excellent source.


Higher Levels of These Antioxidants Linked to Lower Dementia

A study supported by the National Institute on Aging and published in the journal Neurology demonstrates that people who have higher levels of specific antioxidants in their blood could reduce their potential risk of developing dementia.1,2

Antioxidants are substances that help protect the body against cell damage from free radicals. The body produces free radicals as a part of normal metabolism, after exposure to some environmental pollutants and exercise.3 At high levels they can damage cells and genetic material.

Free radicals have one less electron, which makes them unstable. The free radical seeks to steal the necessary electron from any nearby substance, thus turning that substance into a free radical. Free radical damage can also change how a cell functions, which leads to oxidative stress and chronic diseases.4

The body uses antioxidants to fight against free radicals because they donate an extra electron to the free radical without turning into a free radical themselves. Some of the antioxidants you are likely familiar with include carotenoids, manganese, selenium, vitamin E, vitamin C and beta-carotene.

While antioxidants all have similar functions, they are not all interchangeable, which means they have unique properties and no one single substance can do all the work. In the past decade, researchers have discovered that many of the chronic diseases and disorders in modern day society are linked to an increase in inflammation.

An imbalance of natural antioxidants to free radical production can increase the inflammatory response that’s associated with diabetes, cardiovascular disease, inflammatory bowel disease, obesity and arthritis.5

Researchers have long known that antioxidants play a role in the prevention of dementia.6,7,8 The featured study has identified three specific antioxidants that may play a role in reducing the risk of dementia.9

Lutein, Zeaxanthin and Beta-Cryptoxanthin Lower Dementia Risk

Researchers were interested in how antioxidants may affect the development of dementia. One study author, May A. Beydoun, Ph.D., MPH, of the National Institutes of Health’s National Institute on Aging in Baltimore, Maryland, commented on the need to address cognitive functioning in an aging population:10

“Extending people’s cognitive functioning is an important public health challenge. Antioxidants may help protect the brain from oxidative stress, which can cause cell damage. Further studies are needed to test whether adding these antioxidants can help protect the brain from dementia.”

According to the Alzheimer’s Association,11 by 2050, there will be nearly 13 million people living with Alzheimer’s disease. Currently, it kills more people than breast cancer and prostate cancer combined and, in 2020, COVID contributed to a 17% rise in the deaths of people with dementia and Alzheimer’s.

In 2022, the Alzheimer’s Association estimated that dementia costs $321 billion, which could rise to nearly $1 trillion by 2050. An estimate published in 2022 in the Lancet12 and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, estimated the global number of people with all forms of dementia would rise from 57.4 million to 152.8 million in 2050.

The writers of the study then noted that the “growth and number underscores the need for public health planning efforts and policy to address the needs of this group.”13 The study supports the Foundation’s investment in dementia,14 including interest in vaccines15 with a partnership with the pharmaceutical industry.16

A systematic review and meta-analysis published in 202017 found that the number of people with dementia nearly doubles every five years and the prevalence is greater in women than in men. These numbers underscore the importance of finding strategies that can help reduce the potential risk of Alzheimer’s and other dementias.

The study18 engaged 7,283 people who were given blood tests and a physical exam and then followed for an average of 16 years. All participants were at least 45 years old at the start. The researchers measured levels of three antioxidants — lutein, zeaxanthin and beta-cryptoxanthin.

The researchers19 split the participants into three groups and found those whose blood levels were highest for lutein and zeaxanthin had a lower risk of developing dementia than those who had the lowest levels. For every standard deviation of increase in these two antioxidants, the participants had a 7% reduction in risk.

They also found that for every standard deviation increase in beta-cryptoxanthin, the participants had a 14% reduced risk of dementia. Beydoun pointed out there were several limitations to the study, including that when other factors were considered in the analysis, such as education and physical activity, the risk of dementia was lowered.

The writers also noted that antioxidants were measured at the start and end of the study. However, this may not reflect the level of antioxidants that a person had throughout their lifetime. Foods high in lutein and zeaxanthin20 include dark leafy greens like spinach, peas, summer squash, pumpkin and broccoli. Foods high in beta-cryptoxanthin include peppers, pumpkin, squash, oranges and persimmons.21

Lutein and Zeaxanthin Important for Eye Health

Lutein and zeaxanthin have long been prized for their vision enhancing properties as they are the only two antioxidants that reach the retina.22 Researchers write they are “uniquely concentrated in the retina and lens, indicating that each has a possible specific function in these two vital ocular tissues.”23

Animal studies have shown that diets that are less than optimal in primates trigger pathological problems in the macula. Researchers believe these antioxidants are “conditionally essential nutrients.”24

Both are carotenoids that are major contributors to the yellow and red pigments found in vegetables. There is mounting evidence that lutein can improve or prevent age-related macular disease and has a positive effect on other health conditions, such as cognitive function, cancer and heart health.25

High levels of these carotenoids help stave off age-related eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Diet influences your risk for healthy vision. According to Loren Cordain, an evolutionary biologist at the Colorado State University in Fort Collins, elevated insulin levels affect the development of your eyeball, making it abnormally long, thereby causing near-sightedness.26

High insulin levels from excess carbohydrates can increase insulin resistance and disturb the delicate choreography that normally coordinates eyeball lengthening and lens growth. When your eyeball elongates, the lens can no longer flatten itself enough to focus a sharp image on your retina.

This theory is consistent with observations that you’re more likely to develop myopia if you are overweight27 or have Type 2 diabetes,28 both of which raise insulin levels. Lutein has also been found to promote health in other ways, including:

  • Diets rich in the carotenoids beta-carotene, lutein and lycopene confer greater resistance against oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol,29 which plays a role in the development of atherosclerosis. Higher plasma concentration of carotenoids was also associated with lower DNA damage.30
  • Lutein and zeaxanthin in combination with vitamin E appear to improve lung function.31
  • Plasma levels of antioxidants such as lutein, zeaxanthin, vitamin E, beta-cryptoxanthin, lycopene and alpha- and beta-carotene are inversely correlated with congestive heart failure severity.32
  • Plasma carotenoid levels are also inversely correlated with prostate cancer.33

Astaxanthin Slows Brain Aging

Astaxanthin is another carotenoid, which is responsible for the pink or red color of wild-caught Alaskan salmon. According to Science Direct,34 “when compared to other antioxidants such as lycopene, vitamin E and vitamin A,” astaxanthin comes out on top and is often referred to as the “king of antioxidants.”

It is derived from Haematococcus microalgae, which produce astaxanthin as a protective mechanism to shield from harsh ultraviolet (UV) light.35 Data demonstrates how astaxanthin helps protect your skin from the inside out.36

Your body uses astaxanthin to protect against reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidation, which plays a role in protection against dementia, heart disease, aging and Parkinson’s disease.37 Antioxidant supplementation helps when you don’t get enough from your diet, which helps alleviate oxidative damage.

Researchers writing in the journal Marine Drugs,38 recognized the challenge of maintaining brain function while human life expectancy lengthens. In their review of the literature, they identified several pathways astaxanthin could take in slowing brain aging. They found several studies where astaxanthin modulated biological mechanisms, one of the main factors which was the forkhead box 03 gene (FOXO3).

This is one of only two genes with a significant impact on human longevity. They also found that astaxanthin increases brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the brain and attenuates oxidative damage to DNA, lipids and protein. After reviewing the literature, they concluded it was possible astaxanthin could promote longevity and slow the rate of aging due to its neuroprotective properties.39

Slowing brain aging is significant since the neurological aging process is directly linked to cognitive function. Some cognitive changes that can occur with aging, but are not necessarily normal,40 include finding it difficult to remember words, having difficulty with multitasking, recalling names, or having more difficulty paying attention.

Although astaxanthin is a carotenoid, the molecular structure is unique, and it is more potent than other carotenoids. One of the key differences is that it has a surplus of electrons to donate as it neutralizes free radicals.41,42 Another unique factor is that it can protect both water- and fat-soluble parts of the cell.43 This makes astaxanthin a powerful antioxidant, which data showed is greater than alpha lipoic acid, green tea catechins, CoQ10 and vitamin C.44

Most antioxidant carotenoids are either water-soluble or fat-soluble, but astaxanthin’s effectiveness is due to the capability to interface between water and fat. It can also cross the blood-brain barrier, where it exerts a strong protective effect on neurological health.45 While it is found in wild-caught salmon, you can purchase high-quality astaxanthin supplements or consider krill oil supplements, which have the added benefit of omega-3 fatty acids.46

Sulforaphane Activates Antioxidant Responses

Sulforaphane is an organosulfur compound that researchers believe may prove useful to fight Alzheimer’s Disease by altering the production of amyloid-beta and tau. These are two main factors known to contribute to the development of the disease.47 Levels of amyloid-beta proteins may become abnormally high, clumping together to form plaques that disrupt neuron function.

Abnormal accumulation of the protein tau may also collect inside neurons, forming neurofibrillary tangles that disrupt communication. One animal study48 of Alzheimer’s disease showed that sulforaphane ameliorated amyloid-beta deposits and cognitive function. This hinted at a potential treatment that might also be useful in humans.

Sulforaphane is an Nrf2 activator that works in a dose-dependent fashion to halt dysregulation. An animal study49 suggested that the dysregulation of Nrf2 may be attenuated through sulforaphane. Lab data50 also show that sulforaphane “activates antioxidant and anti-inflammatory responses by inducing Nrf2 pathways” and has relevance to preventing neurodegeneration and signs of aging.

Eating more cruciferous vegetables high in sulforaphane or taking a high-quality supplement, is useful for far more than brain health. For instance, sulforaphane may be helpful in the treatment of diabetes as well as lowering blood glucose levels51 and improving gene expression in your liver.52

Sulforaphane can also improve apoptosis in colon53 and lung cancer cells.54 It also can reduce damaging ROS by as much as 73%, which lowers your risk of inflammation.55

Sulforaphane plays a role in the augmentation of glutathione. Glutathione is commonly referred to as the master antioxidant,56 since it is the most powerful antioxidant and is found inside every cell in the body. Glutathione is different from other antioxidants since it works intracellularly57 and has the unique ability to maximize the activity of other antioxidants.58

Excessive oxidative stress has a significant impact on the pathophysiology of brain disorders. One study59 found a correlation between peripheral levels of glutathione and levels of glutathione found in the brain. They also discovered that sulforaphane raised blood levels of glutathione in humans after only seven days of oral supplementation.

The results of the pilot study have suggested there is a significant relationship between glutathione and sulforaphane that is worth exploring as it appeared to have an impact on neuropsychological measures that are altered in neuropsychiatric disorders.


10 Common Nutrient Deficiencies

Nutrient deficiencies are very common, even among people who believe they’re eating a balanced diet. In the U.S., 31% of the U.S. population was found to be at risk of at least one vitamin deficiency or anemia,1 increasing the risk of health problems over a lifetime.

Your body depends on essential nutrients for growth, development and health maintenance, and deficiencies in certain vitamins can impact your immunity, vision, wound healing, bone health and much more. Neurological damage is possible from lack of vitamin B12, for instance, while vitamin A deficiency can lead to night blindness.

It’s also estimated that 1 in 3 Americans is deficient in at least 10 minerals, putting them at risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.2 Even at a subclinical level, being deficient in vitamins and minerals can cause a range of symptoms, including:3

  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Aches and pains
  • Decreased immune function
  • Heart palpitations

Being aware of which nutrient deficiencies are most widespread is the first step to ensuring that your levels are optimized.

Avoid These 10 Common Nutrient Deficiencies

1. Vitamin D — An estimated 40% of Europeans are deficient in vitamin D, while 13% are severely deficient.4 Among older Americans, however, it’s estimated that up to 100% may be deficient, in large part due to less time spent outdoors.5

It’s now known that vitamin D is necessary not only for healthy bones but for health throughout the body. As a powerful epigenetic regulator, vitamin D influences that activity of more than 2,500 genes, and vitamin D receptors are present all over the body, including in the intestine, pancreas, prostate and immune system cells.6 Vitamin D plays a role in numerous diseases, including:7

  • Cancer
  • Diabetes
  • Acute respiratory tract infections
  • Chronic inflammatory diseases
  • Autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis

To ward off infection and prevent chronic diseases, the level you’re aiming for is between 60 and 80 ng/mL, with 40 ng/mL being the low cutoff point for sufficiency to prevent a wide range of diseases, including cancer.

The single most important method of optimizing your vitamin D levels is exposing enough of your skin to the sun during around solar noon, which is 1 p.m. for those who live in Daylight Savings Time in the summer. One must be careful to never get burnt while understanding that the primary reason most people burn is that they have too much linoleic acid in their fat and that is the molecule the sun damages, which leads to burns and skin cancers.

Not only will regular sun exposure help to optimize your vitamin D levels but it will also increase melatonin in your mitochondria, which will decrease oxidative stress and increase energy production efficiency. It will also help to metabolize vitamin A and optimize your immune function.

If you are unable to reach at least 40 ng/ml with sun exposure you might want to consider an oral supplement, but that should be your last resort. I haven’t swallowed vitamin D for well over a decade and my level is still over 50 in the winter and 70 to 80 in the summer.

If you had zero sun exposure on significant areas of your bare skin, like most people, then research suggests it would require 9,600 IUs of vitamin D per day for most to reach 40 ng/mL,8 but individual requirements can vary widely, and you’ll need to get your levels tested to ensure you take the correct dosage required to get you into the optimal range.

The only way to gauge whether you might need to supplement, and how much to take, is to get your level tested, ideally twice a year, in the early spring, after the winter and early fall when your level is at its peak and low point. It’s important to note that vitamin D supplementation must be balanced with other nutrients, namely vitamin K2 (to avoid complications associated with excessive calcification in your arteries), calcium and magnesium.

2. Magnesium — It’s estimated that more than half the U.S. population may not be consuming enough magnesium.9 The primary role of minerals is to act as cofactors for enzymes, but that’s just the bare minimum.

“They literally are the shields for oxidative stress,” James DiNicolantonio, Pharm.D., author of “The Mineral Fix,” explains, “because they make up our antioxidant enzymes. They help us produce and activate ATP, help us produce DNA, protein, so literally every function in the body is dependent, in some way, on minerals.”10

Your levels of powerful antioxidants like glutathione are directly dependent on your magnesium status. Further, magnesium, which is required for the conversion of vitamin D into its active form, works in concert with vitamin D and is important to ensure you’re properly utilizing the vitamin D you’re taking.

You only need about 150 milligrams (mg) to 180 mg a day to prevent deficiency, but optimal levels are closer to the 600 mg/day level. For comparison, the RDA for magnesium is around 310 mg to 420 mg per day depending on your age and sex.11 But like DiNicolantonio, many experts believe you may need around 600 mg to 900 mg per day. As noted in Open Heart:12

“Investigations of the macro- and micro-nutrient supply in Paleolithic nutrition of the former hunter/gatherer societies showed a magnesium uptake with the usual diet of about 600 mg magnesium/day …

This means our metabolism is best adapted to a high magnesium intake … In developed countries, the average intake of magnesium is slightly over 4 mg/kg/day … [T]he average intake of magnesium in the USA is around 228 mg/day in women and 266mg/day in men …”

Dark green leafy vegetables are a good source of magnesium, and juicing your greens is an excellent way to boost your intake, although supplementation is likely necessary for most people. You can measure your red blood cell magnesium to see just how good your magnesium status is.

If your magnesium levels are low, it would certainly be wise to supplement. For oral supplementation, my personal preference is magnesium threonate, as it appears to be the most efficient at penetrating cell membranes, including your mitochondria and blood-brain barrier.

3. Vitamin K2 — There are two types of vitamin K: phylloquinone, or vitamin K1; and menaquinones, or vitamin K2. Vitamin K2, known for its role in bone and heart health, is found in grass fed animal products such as meat, eggs, liver and dairy, as well as in fermented foods, including sauerkraut, certain cheeses and the fermented soy food natto — items that many Americans do not consume enough of.

One of the reasons why vitamin K2 is so important for heart health has to do with a complex biochemistry involving the enzymes matrix gla-protein (MGP), found in your vascular system,13 and osteocalcin, found in your bone.

“Gla” stands for glutamic acid, which binds to calcium in the cells of your arterial wall and removes it from the lining of your blood vessels. Once removed from your blood vessel lining, vitamin K2 then facilitates the integration of that calcium into your bone matrix by handing it over to osteocalcin, which in turn helps “cement” the calcium in place inside your bone.

Vitamin K2 activates these two proteins, so without it, this transfer process of calcium from your arteries to your bone cannot occur, which raises your risk of arterial calcification. In fact, in one study, those who had the highest amount of vitamin K2 were 52% less likely to experience severe calcification in their arteries and 57% less likely to die from heart disease over a seven- to 10-year period.14

Vitamin K2 also works in tandem with vitamin D and magnesium. Unfortunately, there’s no easy way to screen or test for vitamin K2 sufficiency. Vitamin K2 cannot at present be measured directly, so it’s measured through an indirect assessment of undercarboxylated osteocalcin. This test is still not commercially available, however. For most people it is wise to consider supplementing with a vitamin K2 supplement.

As a general rule, if you have osteoporosis, heart disease or diabetes, you’re likely deficient in vitamin K2. Further, it’s believed that the vast majority of people are in fact deficient and would benefit from more K2, which you can achieve by eating more of the following foods:

  • Certain fermented foods such as natto, or vegetables fermented using a starter culture of vitamin K2-producing bacteria
  • Certain cheeses such as Brie, Munster and Gouda, which are particularly high in K2
  • Grass fed organic animal products such as egg yolks, liver, butter and dairy

4. Vitamin B12 — Vitamin B12, a water-soluble vitamin also known as cobalamin, plays a role in numerous biochemical reactions and neurological functions in your body, including DNA synthesis.15 Your body can’t make vitamin B12 on its own, so it must be obtained via your diet or supplementation.

A deficiency can be serious and leads to a number of related changes, including personality disturbances, irritability and depression, along with a wide range of symptoms, including joint pain, “pins and needles” sensations, numbness and shortness of breath.16

It’s been suggested that nearly two-fifths of Americans may have lower than ideal B12 levels, with 9% deficient and 16% below 185 pmol/L, which is considered marginally deficient.17 While vegetarians and vegans are susceptible since B12 is derived from animal products, even meat eaters may be deficient, as problems with absorption are common.

B-12 is the largest vitamin molecule and as such has a hard time being absorbed by your body. Your stomach produces a glycoprotein called intrinsic factor, which combines with vitamin B-12 so it can be absorbed in your lower small intestine. The problem is that as people age many lose the ability to produce intrinsic factor and are prone to developing vitamin B-12 deficiency.

B12 is tightly bound to proteins and high acidity is required to break this bond. Some people may not have sufficient stomach acid to separate the B12 from the protein. Advancing age may also diminish your ability to absorb the vitamin from food and increase your risk of deficiency.

Regularly eating B12-rich foods, such as grass fed beef liver, wild rainbow trout and wild sockeye salmon, is important to maintain adequate levels, but if you suspect you may be deficient, weekly B12 shots or a high-dose, daily supplement may be necessary.

Methylcobalamin, which is the naturally occurring form of vitamin B12 found in food, is more absorbable than the cyanocobalamin, which is the type found in most supplements.18 If you are elderly, it is an inexpensive insurance approach to take a B-12 supplement with methylcobalamin.

5. Omega-3 fats — An omega-3 index test is one of the most important annual health screens that everyone needs, and it’s a more important predictor of your heart disease risk than your cholesterol levels. In fact, research supported by the National Institutes of Health suggests that an omega-3 test can give you an idea of your overall health and all-cause mortality.19,20

The study measured the omega-3 index in 2,500 participants and found that those with the highest omega-3 index had lower risks of heart problems and lower total mortality. The omega-3 index measures of the amount of EPA and DHA in the membranes of your red blood cells (RBC). Your index is expressed as a percent of your total RBC fatty acids.

The omega-3 index has been validated as a stable, long-term marker of your omega-3 status, and it reflects your tissue levels of EPA and DHA. An omega-3 index over 8% is associated with the lowest risk of death from heart disease, while an index below 4% places you at the highest risk of heart disease-related mortality.

The ideal sources for EPA and DHA include cold-water fatty fish, like wild-caught Alaskan salmon, sardines, herring and anchovies. If you do not eat these fish on a regular basis, consider taking a krill oil supplement.

In addition, be aware that your omega-6 to omega-3 ratio should be about 1-to-1 or possibly up to 4-to-1, but most Americans consume far too many omega-6 fats and not enough omega-3. In addition to increasing your omega-3, it’s important to cut down on omega-6, especially in the form of industrially processed seeds oils, often referred to as “vegetable oils,” in most processed foods.

6. Vitamin A — An estimated 51% of adults are not consuming enough vitamin A,21 increasing their risk of degenerative diseases like macular degeneration, a leading cause of blindness in the U.S. — and the third leading cause of blindness globally (after cataracts and glaucoma).22

People who eat foods rich in vitamin A, or retinol, not beta-carotene, experience a reduced risk of developing squamous cell skin cancer as well, as vitamin A affects cell growth and differentiation, which plays a role in the development of cancer.23,24

Vitamin A is a group of nutrients that falls into two different categories: retinoids found in animal foods and carotenoids found in plant foods. The two are chemically different and provide different health benefits, but both are necessary for optimal health. Plant foods high in beta-carotene include sweet potatoes, carrots, cantaloupe and mangoes.25 Animal foods rich in vitamin A include liver, egg yolks and grass fed butter.

7. Vitamin E — Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that acts as a sink for the many reactive oxygen species in your body. Vitamin E is also neuroprotective, helping to protect your eyes from glaucoma,26 and needed by your body to boost immune function and widen blood vessels to keep blood from clotting.27

But many Americans do not consume enough vitamin E-rich foods, putting them at risk of deficiency. You can find vitamin E in nuts and seeds, as well as spinach and broccoli. Remember that antioxidant supplements such as vitamin E are fat-soluble and best taken with a fatty meal.

8. Iodine — Nearly 2 billion people worldwide don’t get enough iodine in their diet.28 Your body uses iodine across several organ systems, but it is most commonly known to synthesize thyroid hormones. Clinically low levels of iodine are associated with visible symptoms, such as a goiter (swelling of the thyroid gland), hypothyroidism or pregnancy-related problems. However, subclinical iodine deficiency can also interfere with your thyroid function.

Even moderately imbalanced thyroid levels may be associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome, researchers noted in the journal Environmental International, which is why “studying factors that contribute to low thyroid function, even at the subclinical level, is of high public health importance.”29

Thyroid hormones, for instance, are essential for normal growth and development in children, neurological development in babies before birth and in the first year of life, and in regulating your metabolism.30

In addition, iodine is an essential mineral that helps prevent polyunsaturated fats from oxidizing, alkalizes your body’s pH, protects against cancer and is a natural antibacterial agent. Foods that are naturally iodine-rich include spirulina, sea vegetables, prunes, raw dairy products, eggs and Himalayan pink sea salt. Eating these foods on a regular basis will help ensure adequate levels.

9. Carnosine (beta-alanine) — Carnosine is a dipeptide composed of two amino acids: beta-alanine and histidine. It’s a potent antioxidant as it binds to advanced lipoxidation endproducts (ALEs) that are the result of oxidized seed oils in your diet. The highest concentrations of carnosine are found in your muscles and brain.

If you’re a vegetarian or vegan, you will have lower levels of carnosine in your muscles. This is one reason why many strict vegans who do not properly compensate for this and other nutritional deficiencies tend to have trouble building muscle. Carnosine itself is not very useful as a supplement as it is rapidly broken down into its constituent amino acids by certain enzymes. Your body then reformulates those amino acids back to carnosine in your muscles.

A more efficient alternative is to supplement with beta-alanine, which appears to be the rate limiting amino acid in the formation of carnosine. Eating beef is known to efficiently raise carnosine levels in your muscle,31 which is why if you’re a vegetarian or vegan this supplement may be particularly important.

10. Saturated fat from butter, animal products — The introduction of the first Dietary Guidelines for Americans in 1980, which recommended limiting saturated fat and cholesterol, coincided with a rapid rise in obesity and chronic diseases such as heart disease.

As saturated fats fell out of favor, and health officials wrongly urged Americans to avoid such healthy fats as butter, Americans began replacing them with products made from refined vegetable/seed oils, which are among the worst foods to consume.

Many are still not consuming enough saturated fats, such as those from grass fed butter. In a systematic review and meta-analysis of nine publications including 15 country-specific cohorts, butter consumption was not significantly associated with cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease or stroke, but increased consumption was associated with a lower incidence of diabetes.32

Grass fed butter, alone, is a rich source of vitamin A in the most absorbable form, vitamin E, vitamin K2, antioxidants, conjugated linoleic acid, iodine in a highly absorbable form, vitamin D and more.33 By consuming nutritious whole foods like butter, you can lower your risk of multiple nutrient deficiencies at once.

The best way to ward off nutrient deficiencies is to intentionally fortify your meals with whole, nutrient-dense foods, including healthy saturated and omega-3 fats. Targeted supplements can also be beneficial to make up for any nutritional gaps. When choosing any multivitamin or mineral supplements, look for a manufacturer that has checks and balances in place to ensure the quality of the product.


Do You Suffer From This Underrated Significant Health Risk?

This article was previously published August 3, 2019, and has been updated with new information.

According to the most recent statistics, loneliness is at “epidemic” levels in the U.S. In a 2018 Cigna insurance health survey1,2,3 of 20,000 individuals aged 18 and over:

  • 46% report sometimes or always feeling lonely
  • 47% say they feel left out
  • 47% say they do not have meaningful in-person social interactions or extended conversations on daily basis
  • 43% sometimes or always feel the relationships they have aren’t meaningful
  • 43% report feeling isolated

The loneliest are young adults between the ages of 18 and 22. This age group also rated their health the lowest, which correlates with science linking loneliness with a greater risk for obesity,4 heart disease,5 anxiety,6 dementia7 and reduced life span.8 In fact, maintaining strong and healthy social connections has been linked to a 50% reduced risk of early death.9,10 Similarly, emotional loneliness is linked with an increased risk of all-cause mortality.11

Studies have also shown that people who are lonely are more likely to experience higher levels of perceived stress,12 increased inflammation,13 reduced immune function14 and poor sleep.15,16

A 2011 study17 found that for each 1-point increase on the UCLA loneliness scale,18 an individual is 8% more likely to experience some sort of sleep disruption. Research19 has also shown that lack of sleep has the effect of triggering feelings of loneliness, so the two problems tend to feed on each other.

Somewhat surprisingly, seniors over the age of 77 — an age group well-known for loneliness — had the lowest loneliness score in Cigna’s survey;20 77% also rated their physical health as good, very good or excellent, compared to just 65% of younger Gen X’ers.

Loneliness Translates Into Higher Health Care Costs

Even the U.S. Health Resources & Services Administration (HRSA) acknowledges21 there’s an “epidemic” of loneliness in the U.S., and that it’s taking a mounting toll on public health.

According to HRSA,22 a panel presentation by the National Institute for Health Care Management — a nonprofit research firm for the health insurance industry — revealed social isolation among seniors is costing the federal government $6.7 billion each year in added health care spending, as “poor social relationships” are associated with a 29% higher risk of heart disease and a 32% increased risk of stroke.

Research by the AARP Foundation — an organization dedicated to empowering American seniors — presents a similar picture. In its 2018 survey,23 “Loneliness and Social Connections,” the AARP reports that 35% of adults over 45 struggle with loneliness. Among those making less than $25,000 a year, the loneliness ratio is 1 in 2.

Aside from financial woes, a diagnosis of depression or anxiety, living in an urban community and the increased use of technology for communication are identified as factors that increase feelings of loneliness.24

Investigating Loneliness

Why is loneliness becoming an increasingly prevalent experience? Through interviews with leading experts around the world, author and investigative journalist Johann Hari has tried to sort out why so many of us struggle with loneliness, depression and anxiety, and what we can do to turn the tide.

In the featured video, “The Loneliness Epidemic,” filmmaker Matt D’Avella interviews Hari about his findings. In his book, “Lost Connections,” Hari investigated the causes behind rising anxiety and depression rates.

Through his travels and interviews, he identified nine scientifically verified causes of depression — only two of which are biological. The remaining seven are all related to how we live.

Once we understand these root causes, it opens up a broader range of possible solutions, Hari notes, pointing out that all around the world, the most effective strategies are the ones that address the real reasons behind people’s distress.

Loss of Tribal Communities Have Taken a Toll

In his book, Hari cites research looking at reported loneliness scales. One question in this study was, “How many close friends do you have that you can turn to in a crisis?”

The most common answer in the past used to be five. Today, the most common answer is “none.” Half of Americans also say that nobody really knows them well. Historically, mankind survived because we banded together and worked as a group. Our very survival often depended on being part of a tribe.

Without a tribe, “we’re depressed and anxious for a reason,” Hari says. “You’re in terrible danger; you’re about to die … We are the first humans ever, in the long … history of our species to try to disband our tribes, and it is making us feel awful.”

Recreating Holistic Communities

Understanding this, how can we fix it? In “Lost Connections,” Hari details how Sir Sam Everington,25 a British doctor in East London, tackled the problem by inviting patients struggling with depression and anxiety to gather and do things together as a group.

As city slickers, none knew much about gardening, so they decided to turn an abandoned plot of land behind Everington’s practice into a group garden. In learning about gardening, and meeting to share and implement their newfound knowledge, they formed a “tribe.”

And with that, “they did what people do when they are part of a tribe,” Hari says, “they began to care about each other … they began to solve each other’s problems.” As one of the participants told Hari, “As the garden began to bloom, we began to bloom.”

Hari cites a similar program in Norway, which showed group gardening to be twice as effective as antidepressants. In his view, there are obvious reasons for this. Forming relationships addresses the reasons people feel bad in the first place.

The Paradoxical Role of Technological Hyperconnectedness

Paradoxically, while loneliness and anxiety are at an all-time high, modern humans are also the most interconnected technologically. Video calls are readily available and social media platforms abound. We’re sharing more of our lives with more people than ever before — or so it seems. Yet it’s not making us feel more connected.

Hari admits it’s a complex issue. To understand this paradox better, he visited the world’s first internet rehab center in Spokane, Washington. A vast majority of patients are young men addicted to multiplayer games. To address their addiction, a key question that needs to be answered is, “What are these young men getting out of playing these games?” Hari says:

“I think what they’re getting is a kind of hollow version of the thing they used to get from society long ago — They get sense of tribe, they get a sense of status, they get the sense they’re good at something, they get the sense they’re moving around. Young people barely leave their homes now. It’s incredible how rarely children play outdoors.”

The problem is, “we didn’t evolve to talk through screens,” Hari says, likening the problem with internet game addiction to that of pornography versus real sex. If all you know about sex is from viewing pornography, dissatisfaction is bound to arise because it doesn’t fulfill the biological need of actual sex.

Hari points out that even when people can see each other on a screen, the feeling of being fully “seen,” as when you are physically face to face, remains absent.

“Human beings have a need to be seen,” he says, adding “the leading expert on loneliness in the world, [the late] professor John Cacioppo,26 said … if social media is a waystation for meeting people offline … it’s a good thing. [But] if it’s the last stop of the line, generally something’s gone wrong.”

Hari points out that when the internet, and social media in particular, arrived on the scene, the sense of community was already waning, and social media gave the appearance of giving back to us something of what we’d lost — friends and status being two examples.

But it’s not a proper replacement. Hari refers to social media as a “parody” of the social connectedness we used to have in the past. “So, what we need to do, in very practical ways, is to restore what we’ve lost,” Hari says.

Is There a Connection Between Materialism and Happiness?

As noted by D’Avella, modern humans are living exceptionally safe and materially comfortable lives. However, materialism and consumerism also serves as a distraction from personal interrelationships. Is there a correlation between material wealth and happiness? he wonders.

Hari cites research by professor Tim Kasser,27 who has studied materialistic values and goals. Like junk food has led to a mass deterioration of health, Kasser believes “junk values” have infiltrated and deteriorated our mental space as well. Kasser’s research conclusively showed that the more you’re driven by money and status, the more likely you are to succumb to depression. Hari says:

“I believe this is because everyone knows they have natural physical needs, right? You need food, you need water, you need shelter, you need clean air — if I took these things away from you, you’d be in real trouble real fast. But there’s equally strong evidence that all human beings have natural psychological needs.

You need to feel you belong … that your life has meaning and purpose, you need to feel that people see you and value you, you need to feel you’ve got a future that makes sense. Our culture is good at lots of things … but we’re getting less and less good at meeting these deep underlying psychological needs.”

Kasser also did research to identify ways to undo some of these effects. The answer turned out to be simple. When people would meet on a regular basis to discuss their materialistic values — such as the feeling they “needed” a certain brand sneaker — it didn’t take long before they began shifting their values, realizing these material acquisitions would not make a difference in their life.

They would also discuss moments in which they felt most satisfied with life, and once the participants had identified activities that made them feel good, they were asked to figure out ways of incorporating more of that into their day-to-day lives.

“Just that process of meeting every couple of weeks and checking in with each other … led to a measurable shift in people’s values,” Hari says. “They became less materialistic, which we know relates to less depression and anxiety.”

According to Hari, research clearly shows that poverty is linked to unhappiness. We all need some basics. But once the basics are covered, additional money does not translate into greater happiness. What’s more, it’s the constant seeking of more money that ultimately corrupts your values and lead to unhappiness.

On the Minimalism Movement

D’Avella brings up the minimalism movement with its focus on simpler living with fewer material belongings, favoring “simple pleasures” and human interactions instead. Is this movement part of the answer? The answer is likely yes.

Hari cites a simple study from the late 1970s in which children were divided into two groups. One group was shown two advertisements for a popular toy while the other group was not shown any advertisements. The two groups were then told to choose between two options: Play with a friendly boy who did not have the toy in question, or play with an unfriendly boy who had the toy.

Children who’d just seen the advertisements overwhelmingly chose to play with the unfriendly boy with the toy, whereas children who’d not been exposed to the advertisements overwhelmingly chose to play with the friendly boy. “Just two ads were enough to prime those kids to choose an inanimate lump of plastic over the possibility of fun and connection,” Hari says.

This, in essence, proves advertising works. Its very purpose is to first make you feel dissatisfied or inadequate, and then present the solution to that dissatisfaction — buy this thing and you won’t be dissatisfied or inadequate anymore. Advertising sells solutions to manufactured wants.

“The idea that we might want to step off that treadmill — I’ve got a limited amount of time in which to be alive; maybe I’ll spend my time on things that are more meaningful — seems to me to be a really positive step,” Hari says.

Overcoming Loneliness

If you struggle with loneliness, you’re certainly not alone. A number of remedies are addressed in the featured interview with Hari. Following are several other strategies, pulled from a variety of sources, that can help address loneliness:28,29

Join a club — Proactive approaches to meeting others include joining a club and planning get-togethers with family, friends or neighbors, is an online source where you can locate a vast array of local clubs and get-togethers. Many communities also have community gardens where you can benefit from the outdoors while mingling with your neighbors.

Learn a new skill — Consider enrolling in a class or taking an educational course.

Create rituals of connection — Rituals are a powerful means for reducing loneliness. Examples include having weekly talk sessions with your girlfriends and/or making meal time a special time to connect with your family without rushing.

Consider a digital cleanse — If your digital life has overtaken face-to-face interactions, consider taking a break from social media while taking proactive steps to meet people in person.

Research shows Facebook may be more harmful than helpful to your emotional well-being, raising your risk of depression — especially if your contacts’ posts elicit envy. In one study,30 Facebook users who took a one-week break from the site reported significantly higher levels of life satisfaction and a significantly improved emotional life.

Make good use of digital media — For others, a phone call or text message can be a much-needed lifeline. Examples of this include sending encouraging text messages to people who are struggling with loneliness, offering support and help to live healthier lives and follow through on healthy lifestyle changes.

Exercise with others — Joining a gym or signing up with a fitness-directed club or team sport will create opportunities to meet people while improving your physical fitness at the same time.

Shop local — Routinely frequenting local shops, coffee shops or farmers markets will help you develop a sense of community and encourage the formation of relationships.

Talk to strangers — Talking to strangers in the store, in your neighborhood or on your daily commute is often a challenge, but can have many valuable benefits, including alleviating loneliness (your own and others’). Talking to strangers builds bridges between ordinary people who may not otherwise forge a connection.

People of the opposite gender, different walks of life or different cultures hold a key to opening up to new ideas or making connections with old ones. In this short video, reporter for The Atlantic, Dr. James Hamblin, demonstrates techniques for learning how to talk with strangers.

Volunteer — Volunteering is another way to increase your social interactions and pave the way for new relationships.

Adopt a companion pet — A dog or cat can provide unconditional love and comfort, and studies show that owning a pet can help protect against loneliness, depression and anxiety. The bond that forms between a person and a companion pet can be incredibly fulfilling and serves, in many ways, as an important and rewarding relationship. The research on this is really quite profound.

For instance, having a dog as a companion could add years to your life,31 as studies have shown that owning a dog played a significant role on survival rates in heart attack victims. Studies have also revealed that people on Medicaid or Medicare who own a pet make fewer visits to the doctor.32

The unconditional acceptance and love a dog gives to their owner positively impacts their owner’s emotional health in ways such as:

  • Boosting self-confidence and self-esteem
  • Helping to meet new friends and promoting communication between elderly residents and neighbors
  • Helping you cope with illness, loss and depression
  • Reducing stress levels
  • Providing a source of touch and affiliation

If you’re looking for a furry friend, check out your local animal shelter. Most are filled with cats and dogs looking for someone to love. Petfinder.com33 is another excellent resource for finding a pet companion.

Move and/or change jobs — While the most drastic of all options, it may be part of the answer for some. To make it worthwhile, be sure to identify the environment or culture that would fit your personality best and consider proximity to longtime friends and family.


Journalist Accuses WHO of Plan to Commit Mass Murder

This article was previously published July 23, 2009, and has been updated with new information.

In 2009 Austrian investigative journalist Jane Burgermeister1 filed criminal charges against the World Health Organization, the United Nations, and several of the highest ranking government and corporate officials, including Presidents Barack Obama and George W. Bush, charging them with bioterrorism and attempts to commit genocide.2

She also filed charges against Baxter AG and Avir Green Hills Biotechnology of Austria for producing and releasing live bird flu virus,3 alleging it was a deliberate act to cause and profit from a pandemic.

When a Czech scientist tested their seasonal flu vaccine, he found that they contained live H5N1 and live H3N2 viruses. Burgermeister’s charges include evidence that Baxter deliberately sent out 72 kilos of live bird flu virus, supplied by the WHO in the winter of 2009.

In the 134-page document4 listing the alleged charges, Burgermeister claims to have decisive proof that drug companies and government agencies are actively engaged in distributing deadly biological agents in order to trigger a pandemic. She also prepared an injunction against forced vaccination, alleging mandatory vaccines will be purposely contaminated with diseases.

The Burgermeister case against the World Health Organization and other government agencies and high ranking officials spread across the internet, but despite the fact that it could easily have been one of the hottest news headlines of 2009, not a word could be found about it in the mainstream media.

Instead, independent journalists and news agencies, and online blogs like InfoWars — many of which are now defunct or banned from social media — carried the information, leading many to dismiss it as either a hoax or an attempt to raise the stakes by a demented conspiracy theorist.

However, based on Burgermeister’s own blog interviews and the documentation she lists in her court filing, as well as in websites such as,5 the suit appeared quite real, and that Burgermeister was quite serious about her allegations.

As for the conventional media blackout, well, that shouldn’t come as a major surprise, all things considered, and it can’t be used as proof to dismiss the validity of the story. After all, I’ve written enough articles discussing how the media is in large part bought and paid for by the pharmaceutical industry.

And, even though this was in 2009, it’s still true today. In fact, while Burgermeister’s internet presence has been all but erased from social media and the internet, she renewed her fight against the same organizations in 2020, when COVID-19 took over, and came forward, calling this pandemic a Trojan Horse for forced vaccination.6

“My particular concern,” she said in the video above, “is that WHO has declared two of these global epidemic emergencies simultaneously — coronavirus and Ebola, and both … [have] vaccines being rushed through.” One point she makes in the video is that in the Ebola vaccine trials, at least 55 people came down with Ebola after getting the vaccine, and she warns people to look at those studies so they can see for themselves what is happening with fast-tracked vaccines.

Now, 13 years after Burgermeister warned the world that “an international corporate criminal syndicate has developed, produced, stockpiled and employed biological weapons to eliminate the population of the U.S. and other countries for financial and political gain,”7 and two years after she urged people to do their research on the pandemic, what do we make of these fantastic allegations?

And, what can we do with the knowledge we gain from studying what Burgermeister is trying to tell us?

Forced Vaccinations — The Threat Against Your Health and Freedom

A review of the documentation Burgermeister provided makes at least one thing crystal clear, and that is this: There are enough legal provisions already in place to make a mandated, forced vaccination program a reality, giving certain agencies the authority to go as far as using deadly force to ensure compliance.

As I’ve noted several times during the COVID pandemic, in return for your submitting to the jab under duress, there are no actual guarantees of the safety of the vaccine, and if things do go wrong, you have no legal recourse whatsoever to sue anyone, anywhere, for damages. Indeed, this is an absolute nightmare and nothing short of a crime, no matter how “legal” and “in the best interest of the people” it has been set up to appear.

So, no matter how you feel about Burgermeister or her allegations in totality, the real and urgent problem we face right now is the possibility of forced vaccinations against a host of myriad diseases — and not just COVID.

For example, the WHO’s push for a swine flu vaccine in 2009 was unreasonably hyped by WHO and health agencies around the world, despite the fact that your chances of contracting and dying from swine flu were nowhere near justification for a mandatory vaccine.

Likewise, in 2022, with hundreds of COVID vaccine clinical trials in the pipeline,8 including many mRNA gene therapies and all the other diseases researchers are working on, such as dengue, malaria and Marburg, the possibility of more forced vaccinations will only grow more intense.

Even former presidential candidate and Congressman Ron Paul (who is also a doctor) has gone on the record9 stating that the 2009 swine flu uproar was little more than hysterical hype for financial gain. In a now-deleted video address he also reminded people about the outcome of the 1976 swine flu vaccination program, which took place in 1976.10

At that time, one person died from the actual flu, while 25 people died by adverse reactions from the supposed life-saving vaccine, and several hundred people developed crippling Guillain-Barré Syndrome. In his opinion — and I agree — when the swine flu was put into perspective of regular flu deaths, tuberculosis and other contagious diseases, it was a total non-event.

All these years later it’s obvious that these massive, international, multiagency and military countermeasures not only were absolutely out of proportion to the actual threat of swine flu, but with COVID, as well. When you really consider all the facts and risks, the crisis response to the 2009 swine flu does raise questions about motive.

Why did they promote the overkill “precaution” of a mass vaccination program against a disease that causes MAINLY mild symptoms and has an extremely low risk of death? And that was swine flu — the same can be said of COVID, which was a serious risk mostly only to senior citizens.

Jane Burgermeister believes she has the answer, and that she can prove it. According to her 2009 findings with the swine flu shot, which were part of her package of criminal charges, the vaccine itself could have posed a far greater danger than the virus itself. And now, fast-forwarding to the COVID gene-therapy shots, the same can be said.

Whether or not to believe it is up to you, but I recommend you review the evidence she provides for yourself, such as the criminal charges document linked earlier in this article and her bioterrorism evidence documentation. Whatever the truth is, avoiding the implementation of a forced vaccination program is of high importance if you value your life and health and that of your children, friends, and family.

Baxter Investigated, yet Still Got a Vaccine Contract

Much of what happened back in 2009 made little sense, such as hiring Baxter International to develop a swine flu vaccine despite the fact they were under investigation for the mass release of the bird flu virus earlier that year.11

In February 2009, Baxter sent a mix of flu vaccine and unlabeled H5N1 virus (the human form of bird flu) to an Austrian research company. Expecting the shipment to contain only flu vaccine, the Austrian company then sent portions of the contaminated product to the Czech Republic, Slovenia and Germany.

It was only when researchers at a Czech Republic laboratory injected ferrets with the vaccine and they unexpectedly died, that the contamination mistake was discovered. But should “mistakes” like this really be accepted without repercussions?

If this batch of live bird flu and seasonal flu viruses had reached the public, it could have resulted in dire consequences. Even though H5N1 doesn’t easily infect people, the flu virus does. So if people were exposed to both of these viruses, they would have become hosts for the combined viruses, and would have become highly contagious and able to transmit the deadly bird flu virus to others.

Burgermeister, who filed charges related to this incident against Baxter and another biotechnology company, believes it “was a deliberate act to cause and profit from a pandemic.” But that’s not Baxter’s only blemish.

In the 1990s, Baxter entered into a four-way, $640 million settlement with hemophiliacs in relation to blood clotting concentrates that were infected with HIV.12 In 2008 at least 81 people died and hundreds were injured from contaminated heparin (a blood thinning drug),13 and in 2001 more than 50 dialysis patients died due to faulty Baxter equipment.14 Then in 2017 Baxter paid $18.2 million in a settlement over mold at a manufacturing facility.15

If for no other reason than the fact that Baxter may be unbelievably sloppy when dealing with potentially dangerous or deadly material and drugs — as opposed to being part of a genocidal plot — it would have been prudent to leave them out of the development of a swine flu vaccine. But this is just one example.

In fact, Pfizer, which was quickly given emergency use authorization for its COVID-19 mRNA gene therapy shot, entered into the pandemic vaccine circle after being ordered to pay the largest penalty ever for health care fraud.16

When announcing the record penalty of $2.3 billion against the drug giant, the U.S. Department of Justice said one of the charges was a felony. The other charges stemmed from false actions and claims submitted to federal health care programs. But that’s not all Pfizer has paid out: In 2018, they also agreed to pay $23.8 million to resolve claims that it used a foundation as a conduit to pay the copays of Medicare patients taking three Pfizer drugs.17

When you look at the history of just these two companies, it should be clear to anyone that they are not companies to be implicitly trusted with your health and money. Yet, here we are in 2022, and you are supposed to trust that Pfizer isn’t doing likewise its COVID shot.

In a worst case scenario, Burgermeister is correct in her claim that there is clear evidence that pharmaceutical companies, Pfizer and Baxter included, and international government agencies, including WHO, are actively engaged in developing, manufacturing, distributing and quite possibly purposely releasing viruses classified as the most deadly bioweapons on earth, in order to then be able to declare a pandemic and swiftly offer up a vaccine solution for worldwide use.

Was Swine Flu Being Used for Political and Financial Gain?

As for Burgermeister’s criminal charges with the FBI against the WHO, the United Nations (UN), and several of the highest ranking government and corporate officials, evidence was presented to show that:

“… an international corporate criminal syndicate, which has annexed high government office at Federal and State level, is intent on carrying out a mass genocide against the people of the United States by using an artificial (genetic) flu pandemic virus and forced vaccine program to cause mass death and injury and depopulate America in order to transfer control of the United States to the United Nations and affiliated security forces (UN troops from countries such as China, Canada, the UK and Mexico).

There is proof many organizations — World Health Organization, UN as well as vaccine companies such as Baxter and Novartis – are part of a single system under the control of a core criminal group, who give the strategic leadership, and who have also funded the development, manufacturing and release of artificial viruses in order to justify mass vaccinations with a bioweapon substance in order to eliminate the people of the USA, and so gain control of the assets, resources etc of North America.”

Again, whether or not the real reason behind the frantic push for mass vaccinations is to reduce population, there’s no doubt that the swine flu vaccine lined the pockets of pharmaceutical companies and other involved parties — just as the COVID-19 shots have today.

Pandemic-related drugs have cashed in too. Looking back at 2009, one financial analyst estimated that Tamiflu sales would amount to hundreds of millions in sales in the near future, and sales of the swine flu vaccines being prepped as we speak will likely run in the billions of dollars, as WHO declared the swine flu “unstoppable” and instructed all 194 member countries to stock up.

According to a CNN report,18 the U.S. demand alone was anticipated to be as high as 600 million doses of swine flu vaccine. That would have been two doses each for 300 million Americans, on top of the 115 million doses of seasonal flu vaccine. When you consider that remdesivir — COVID’s equivalent to Tamiflu — is expected to go from a paltry $2.87 billion in sales in 2021 to $377 billion in 2022,19 you can see that the financial round-robin appears perpetual.

Was the Swine Flu a Test for Future Pandemics?

In 2009, the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE), the highest level of advisory in WHO on immunization matters, recommended the swine flu vaccine be administered to the following primary target groups first:20

Health care workers

Pregnant women

Children over the age of 6 months with chronic health conditions

Adults with chronic health conditions such as chronic respiratory disease, asthma, or obesity

Healthy adults between the ages of 15 to 49

Healthy children

The elderly

This is exactly what happened with the COVID vaccines: The same demographics targeted for the vaccines in 2009 were same ones targeted for COVID. My question is: Who’s left other than the deceased when it comes to mandated vaccines?

In 2009, Burgermeister immediately felt the heat from her actions, which shed light on, and endangered this golden vaccine goose egg, beginning with being fired from her job as European Correspondent of the Renewable Energy World website. In a blog, she stated:

“Because there is reason to believe this decision was related to my filing charges alleging bioterrorism against the people of the USA and the rest of the world, and because I am entitled as a citizen to report a crime if there is credible evidence, I intend to file a lawsuit against Pennwell, a magazine company that covers the oil and defense industries and which took over REW in 2007 after I began working there, for unfair dismissal.”

What Can You Do Now?

These are challenging times, but fear, panic and emotional over-reactions are not the answer, although government and corporate interests are pushing for just that. Just remember that a little common sense and some level-headed thinking will serve you and your family far better.

Educate yourself on these issues rather than simply believing the press releases that are re-read a hundred times on every channel. Spend a little time reviewing the vast supply of information available on the National Vaccine Information Center (NVIC) Web site, and join Barbara Loe Fisher in taking action against the potential threat of mandatory swine flu vaccinations.

You also can contact your legislators. And last but not least, let me reiterate that you can protect your health from ANY kind of flu, without a potentially dangerous vaccine, by making positive lifestyle changes, and I strongly urge you to start incorporating these changes into your life today.


The Exciting Emergence of Regenerative Medicine

I recently had the opportunity to interview Tony Robbins — likely the most successful personal development coach in modern history — about what he’s been up to during the last couple of years, and the release of his new book, “Life Force: How New Breakthroughs in Precision Medicine Can Transform the Quality of Your Life and Those You Love.”

During his career, Robbins has coached more than 10 million people through group events, and more than 100 million digitally. Pre-COVID, he would visit, on average, 125 cities in more than a dozen countries each year. The pandemic put a firm stop to all those mass gatherings so, in the end, he innovated and developed virtual interactive multiday seminars that reached millions of people around the world during the global pandemic.

“I’m used to a stadium, and the energy,” Robbins says. “So, I said, ‘This is what we’re going to do. We’re going to build a studio with 50-foot ceilings, 20-foot LEDs, .67 highest resolution …

I’m going to go to the guys at Zoom and see if I can get them to go from 1,000 to 25,000,’ (now 200,0000), and then [we] made software so that people could communicate — like clapping, [by] shaking their phone. If one person does it, you don’t hear it, but when 10,000 people do it, its thunderous. It’s like being at a real event.

I would normally go see a quarter of a million people over most years, some years a million people, but now, we had one the other day for six days; 800,000 people signed up, and then there are people joining them because it’s in their home.

We had over a million people for this one program. Technology has allowed us to touch people’s lives when they need it most. I’m just grateful that we found a way to adapt to make it happen.”

Robbins Impact

When asked what drives him to maintain such a rigorous schedule, all while being more than successful, so much so that he doesn’t actually need to work, Robbins replies:

“I’ve been driven by impact my whole life. I don’t have to work, fortunately, but you feel a sense of responsibility when you know what’s available. That’s why I was so frustrated at the beginning [of the pandemic], because if there was ever a time people needed help, it was during this [pandemic].

Stanford studied my work and that study just came out in a psychiatric journal. It’s mind-boggling. The most you ever see when they do meta studies on depression, in people who get treated, about 40% improve, 60% don’t.

They approached me because, using drugs and everything else, that’s the best they’ve seen. There was one study done by Johns Hopkins two years ago where they used hallucinogenics, magic mushrooms, along with therapy, and they had a four times greater result than anything they’d ever seen, meaning 53% of the people, four weeks later, had no symptoms whatsoever of depression.

They put people through one of my five-and-a-half day ‘Date With Destiny’ programs. People can see it if they go to Netflix — a version of one. ‘Tony Robbins: I’m Not Your Guru,’ compresses it. It’s an hour and 45 minutes. But they followed up with the people. At the end, 30 days later, zero people had any symptoms of clinical depression.

Now I’m working on being able to expand, and none of this would have happened except so many people got depressed over COVID and Stanford said, ‘We got to find some better solutions.’ I’m really grateful for the researchers there and it’s opening up all kinds of doors to help people in a new way.

I’m driven by impact. I’m driven to see people’s lives change. What else are you going to do with your life? Sit around and do nothing? I’m a kid. I’m 62 years old. I got a lot of life in me.”

Overcoming Injury and Pain

His latest book, “Life Force,” grew out of his experience with a physical injury, a severely torn rotator cuff. It was so severe he thought his career might be over. He was also diagnosed with spinal stenosis. Four different doctors told him surgery was the only option, but Robbins was curious about stem cells. Might that help?

“I work with some of the greatest athletes in the world and I remember Cristiano Ronaldo, the greatest soccer player, he was supposed to be out three months. He did stem cells [and was] back in three weeks,” Robbins says.

His doctors said no, but Robbins got hooked up with Dr. Bob Hariri, a neuroscientist and stem cell specialist. Hariri explained that the key to stem cells is using four-day old stem cells, as they contain the “life force.” Fetal (embryonic) stem cells are commercially outlawed in most places, and were out of the question from an ethical perspective.

But these stem cells can also be derived from the placenta and umbilical cord. So, Robbins received intravenous stem cells at a clinic in Panama, three days in a row. “I woke up the third morning with no pain in my shoulder, the MRI is perfect, and no pain in my spine for the first time in 14 years. That made me an evangelist,” he says.

The Stem Cell Phenomenon

This experience inspired Robbins to learn all he could about stem cells, and the book is the product of interviews with numerous experts in the field. Interestingly, Pope Francis invited Robbins to speak at his biannual regenerative medicine conference, which is the largest in the world. There, he met experts and patients alike.

“I met a kid that was supposed to die at 5. He got his sister’s stem cells and he’s now 11 and totally healthy. I met the greatest golfer of all time, Jack Nicklaus, and he said he couldn’t stand for 10 minutes, he was in such pain.

They were going to fuse his spine, which works about 50% of the time and even then, it restricts you. He did stem cells instead and he’s now 82 playing golf and playing tennis … I met this kid who was on America’s Got Talent. He was blind and he’s had gene therapy and he can see now. I mean, things that sound like science fiction [are] now happening …

I did a book on finance where I interviewed 50 of the smartest financial people in the world … I thought, what if I did this with 100 or 150 of the greatest scientists, Nobel Laureates, greatest regenerative medicine doctors? It was a three-year project in the middle of COVID, and it was a passion project. It all came together.”

There are many different types of stem cells and some are more effective than others. Robbins is particularly impressed with the research from a group called Biosplice, which is working on WNT stem cells.

However, my favorite stem cells are Vsels (very small embryonic stem cells), which are taken from your own peripheral blood rather than your bone marrow or fat. Since they are your own cells, they have virtually no chance of causing long term complications to you. They are very similar to PRP (platelet rich plasma) only profoundly more effective.

Your DNA Is Not Your Destiny

While your genes were for a time believed to be the final determinant of your health, we now know this simply isn’t true. As noted by Robbins, “DNA is not destiny.” Epigenetic factors are far more important.

“Think of it as your DNA or your genome is the keyboard on a piano. The epigenome, epi being above, is the player turning on or off the keys, and that’s what makes the music of your life.

What most people don’t understand is that epigenome could be affected by diet, exercise — all the things you teach and that I teach. They’re so simple and critical, they don’t cost anything, and then there’s exposure to radiation, chemicals and things of that nature.

All that plays a role, but in order for us to have that epigenome function at its ideal, there are seven master genes called sirtuins. They do four things, primarily. No. 1, they help the epigenome turn off the right genes. If they don’t do that, you start to break down, your body starts to age, you can have disease.

Secondly, they reduce inflammation, which is the basis of most breakdown in the body. The third thing they do is they affect the mitochondria’s ability to produce ATP, which is the source of energy for everything. Then, the fourth thing they do, is they clean up our DNA, because as we live longer, we get exposed to more radiation, more exposures, and that DNA starts to break down.

The problem is, all this needs a source of fuel for work … Some people do infusions of NAD, but there’s no solid research that I can find that those large molecules are fully absorbed. You can feel like it for a while but it doesn’t seem to be sustainable. The better approach is to give the precursor for [NAD], which is NMN.”

How to Boost Your NAD Level

According to Robbins, NMN has been shown to be very effective in mice, and effects appear to be even greater in humans. The problem is that NMN is highly perishable, and tests have shown most commercially available products have no NMN in them at all.

MIB 626 or NAD3, a product that is still under development, contains a more stable form of NAD, along with coenzymes that act as catalysts to activate more of the NAD in your body. NAD3 is currently on the fast-track to approval thanks to the fact that the U.S. military wants it.

“Imagine you can go to your doctor and get prescribed something that used to be in your body anyway, or at least a co-enzyme of it, and suddenly have all those four things working your best,” Robbins says.

“The more energy your cells can have throughout the whole body means the organ systems, everything will work better, the cleanup of your DNA, the right genes turning on and off, and inflammation reducing. To me, that’s the part that excites me about where things are going. Everything in the book is either now or within 36 months, so you’re prepared for it.”

That said, you can also raise your NAD level naturally. The enzyme for forming NAD is NAMPT, and you can radically upregulate NAMPT through exercise, time-restricted eating (which mimics the effects of calorie restriction) and sauna. NAMPT basically converts nicotinamide — the breakdown product of NAD — into NMN, which in turn reforms into NAD. You can also add 50 mg (1/64 of a teaspoon) of niacinamide powder three times a day for even greater improvement.

Start With the Fundamentals

So, what are the best interventions Robbins has come across in his search for optimal health?

“I think the first thing you have to do is [start] where you are. I can plot a course where I want to go, but if I have a map and I don’t know where I am, it’s worthless. So, you need to do some of the most fundamental blood tests. You’ve got to do heavy metals testing. You can do a hormone test.

If your hormones are off, your body is off … Today, hormone optimization therapy is available with smaller inserts and huge changes, in men and in women. Once you know where you are and you know what your issues are, then you measure those things. You don’t have to measure everything, because you have a base to know where you stand.

Now what are the interventions? For me, you’ve got to include some form of exercise, and for some people, that’s just beyond their scope. That’s why the sauna is so valuable, because I can put somebody in a sauna for 20 minutes … and you’re going to see these heat shock proteins in your body.

There’s a transformation that occurs. Studies show 50% reduction in heart attacks, 60% reduction in stroke, and overall reduction of death at early age is down by 70%.

Then what happens is people feel better and now they can do some simple exercises … I believe in cold also. I use cryotherapy … I think that’s a place to start for people. The other thing I tell people to do is cut 300 calories [a day]. Cut one bagel, and research shows that over two years, a person will usually lose between 17 and 20 pounds, if they’re overweight …

Supplementing, obviously, with the right supplements, to me, is critical. So, figure out where you are, decide where you want to go. Once you know where you are, address what’s there. It might be diabetes, it might be weight loss; whatever it is, address it.

Get yourself the core nutrients, and have a diet that matches your metabolism and a place for your body to have a little bit of a rest with intermittent fasting or the equivalent of intermittent fasting. To me, those are fundamentals.”

For more information on the benefits of sauna, be sure to listen to the full interview. For additional details, you can also review my previous article, “The Stunning Health Benefits of Sauna Therapy.”

More Information

To go along with the book, “Life Force,” Robbins has co-founded two companies to help make precision medicine breakthroughs available to the public. The first one is Fountain Life, which works with doctors around the world to provide testing and regenerative and peak performance medicine.

This includes CCTA testing, which can predict a heart attack up to five years in advance, and Release, which uses ultrasound to scan your body for connective tissue that has tightened or hardened around nerves or blood vessels. A fluid is then injected into the affected area, instantly releasing that restriction.

At present, Fountain Life has nine health centers located in Florida, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas, California, the United Arab Emirates, India and Canada. “About 12% to 14% of people find something through the scans that’s serious, and they’re able to deal with it,” Robbins says. The second company is, from which you can also order a variety of tests at minimal cost.

“What normally costs about $700 … they’ll do it for $350. We make no money on the tests,” Robbins says. “Then it gives you products like the NAD3 — it can recommend what’s available …

So, I have both those groups. One is so you can have basically telemedicine, the other is if you want to do something direct; like the CCAT test, you can order it, your doctor can order it.”

And, last but certainly not least, to learn about the breakthroughs in precision medicine that are already available, or soon will be, be sure to pick up a copy of “Life Force: How New Breakthroughs in Precision Medicine Can Transform the Quality of Your Life and Those You Love.”


Drain-Blocking Fatbergs Are Becoming Increasingly Common

In 2008,1 the term “fatberg” was coined to describe large masses of fat, oil and grease (FOG) that clog the sewer system and attract other objects flushed down the toilet.2 However, sewage systems were designed to only handle human waste and toilet paper.

As humans moved from hunters and harvesters to producers and traders, they began settling and populating cities.3 With population density came an increase in the amount of waste products produced and the necessity to dispose of it. The concept of hygiene did not develop until the Roman Empire began building sewage systems in the streets.

They also built latrines where people defecated in a squatting position in public. During the Middle Ages, much of what the Romans had developed was forgotten and only a few cities preserved some of the structures that the Romans had built. By 1830, the stench of human excrement in the city of London became unbearable and was accompanied by cholera epidemics and a high death toll.

After a devastating fire in Hamburg in 1842, a new sewage system was incorporated in the reconstruction that drained sewage into the sea and was cleaned weekly. Other European and U.S. cities followed suit and created similar systems. Eventually, city engineers designed closed systems that use water to transport the excrement.

By 1910, the cholera outbreaks had stopped,4 but a different problem had taken its place with epidemics of typhoid caused by the tainted waters. It was at this point that sanitary engineers began filtering and disinfecting drinking water. Some of these same sewer systems are still in operation throughout the U.S., and some are over 200 years old.5

One example of a sewage system that’s over 100 years old is the District of Columbia’s, which was developed and constructed in the early 1900s. But other such systems abound and are posing challenges to modern-day sewage engineers and city systems.

In Alabama alone, more than 400 systems asked the Alabama Department of Environmental Management for pandemic money to upgrade their systems.6 Montgomery, alone, applied for $225 million for their upgrades. But even upgrading the pipes and sewer system will not remove the fatberg problem.

What Is a Fatberg?

A fatberg develops inside the sewer system when clumps of FOG are joined by other nonbiological waste, most notably baby wipes. According to Newsweek,7 fatbergs are a relatively recent phenomenon and are driven in large part by wet wipes. Although wipes have been available since the 1960s, it wasn’t until they were marketed to adults as a ‘flushable’ alternative to toilet paper that fatbergs began to collect in city sewer systems.

While many of these wipes are labeled “flushable,” they don’t break down in the sewage system. Instead, FOG clings to the wipes and begins to collect other nonbiological waste products such as paper towels, sanitary pads, tampons, condoms and other products. As the fatberg grows, it undergoes a chemical reaction called saponification.8

This breaks down the fat and results in calcification that transforms the block into a hard and relatively immovable mass. Fatbergs collect all kinds of debris. In London, sewage workers have found false teeth, watches and pens.9 Other sewage workers have found planks of wood, tennis balls,10 bones, typewriters and bowling balls.11

Many of the larger objects may have been dumped into the system by lifting manhole covers. What’s in these fatbergs and the color of them will depend on the community where they are formed.12

Utility companies in New York and London have reported that restaurants are likely responsible for a large amount of the FOG flushed into the sewer systems.13 This in turn is exacerbated by a large number of wipes community members flush down the toilet. “It is hard not to think of it as a tangible symbol of the way we live now, the ultimate product of our disposable, out of sight, out of mind culture.” wrote Tim Adams in The Guardian.14

Fatbergs Are Dangerous and Expensive to Clean Up

Newsweek reports that in 2018, “90% of a London fatberg was composed of cooking fat.”15 The thing is, these fatbergs aren’t that easy to clean up: As demonstrated by a130-ton fatberg found in London in 2017, they not only can grow to an alarming size, but can turn into a mass as solid as concrete.

“They’re a particular menace in British cities, where narrow Victorian-era plumbing is easily overwhelmed by blockages and the population far exceeds what the system was built to accommodate,” Newsweek reports. Researchers have also found that fatbergs contain bacteria, including E. coli and listeria.

When fatbergs completely block the sewer lines, sewage backs up into toilets, roads and gardens releasing millions of gallons of water, sewage and bacteria. Matt Rimmer, head of waste networks for Thames Water in London called the cleanup of one fatberg a “total monster … taking a lot of manpower and machinery to remove.”16

In 2017, the city of Baltimore17 also discovered a fatberg brewing under the city streets. The Department of Public Works discovered it was responsible for a dry weather sewer overflow that released 1.2 million gallons of sewage. When they investigated the overflow, they found the 100-year-old, 24-inch-wide pipe was up to 85% clogged, which blocked the flow of sewage.

Clearing these massive blockages in the sewers places a financial burden on a municipality’s utility system.18 New York City spends more than $4.65 million each year and the U.K. spends nearly $130 million clearing hundreds of thousands of fatbergs. These blockages are not limited to largest cities. Fort Wayne, Indiana, which has a population of just 279,228,19 reports spending $500,000 each to clear their sewer lines.

The Des Moines, Iowa, Metropolitan Wastewater Reclamation Authority told Bloomberg they spent more than $100,000 in 2021 for its population of 208,966.20,21 In Charleston, South Carolina, which has only 141,931 citizens, the wastewater district reports 2021 was their worst year with fatbergs. “In response, the city increased its anti-fatberg budget to $360,000 — a 44% increase from the previous year,” Bloomberg said.

To tackle the cleanout of a fatberg, sewage workers dress in gas masks and protective suits. The masses of fat and wipes are known for the smell and noxious gasses. Added to this, the temperature underground is often stifling hot, which makes the work uncomfortable and dangerous.

Pandemic Wipes Exacerbate the Problem

Kimberly Worsham is the founder of Facilitated Learning for Universal Sanitation and Hygiene (FLUSH). The company’s goal is to change how the world does sanitation. She talked about the problem with wet wipes in the sewer system, saying:22

“We started seeing the instances of these larger and sometimes mega fatbergs popping up in big cities like London around the time the popularity of adults using wet wipes really started to boom, which was about a decade ago. Imagine a bunch of fat-soaked wet wipes in a sewer about 2 feet wide — they’re going to get together and clump up.”

While the problem may have begun nearly a decade ago, it was severely exacerbated during the pandemic. Larry Hare, manager at the wastewater reclamation facility in Des Moines, told Bloomberg he’s seeing 50% greater sewer backups in 2020 than he had in past years.23 The problem has been the advertised ‘flushable’ wipes that consumers are using to clean surfaces throughout their homes and businesses.

With sales having surged 75% during the pandemic, sanitary wipes for use in cleaning household items have also become a problem.24 Because the clogs don’t usually happen at the source — where people flush them — Gary Hawkins, a professor in water resource management at the University of Georgia, believes that it’s a problem of “out of sight, out of mind type things.”

Although city engineers have been warning of the danger involved when flushing wipes and paper towels, it appears that people have not heard. While there has been greater use of wipes to disinfect surfaces and body parts during the pandemic, there’s also no reason those wipes can’t be thrown in the garbage.

As the number of fatbergs continues to grow across the world, city engineers and city officials around the world are once again asking people not to flush paper towels, wipes, condoms or anything other than toilet paper and human waste down the toilet.25

Fatbergs: The Result of Bad Habits

Tampa, Florida, has also experienced a growing number of fatbergs during the pandemic. The city reportedly has spent millions of dollars to repair and reconfigure three pump stations after pipes clogged from consumers switching from toilet paper to wipes.26

As the number of fatbergs in London has grown, the Thames Water London utility company evaluated fast-food restaurants to determine how many had adequate grease traps that would stop fat, oil and grease from entering the sewers. Interestingly, they found that 9 out of 10 fast-food restaurants were dumping more FOG down the drain than they should.27

The term “fatberg” first appeared in a story published in the Birmingham Post in 2008 in which the journalist wrote, “particularly memorable are the large, rock-like lumps of cooking fat [Alistair] Grant calls ‘fatbergs.’”28 Historically, fatbergs are nothing new. According to Worsham:

“Fatbergs have been around since as long as humans had sewers — at least since the Roman Empire had its Cloaca Maxima. We have evidence that Roman slaves would have to go pull out the stuck fatty bits from the sewers.

Fatbergs were actually the reason a guy developed the grease trap in the 1880s because he was rightfully sure that fat would destroy the sewer systems eventually. But most fatbergs were relatively small compared to the ones we see nowadays — the magnitude has just increased a ton in the last decade or two.”

In an effort to help head off the flushing of fatberg-causing waste into its sewer systems, one British organization launched a month-long annual campaign in 2019 called Unblocktober.29 The goal is to improve attention on the problems that happen when plastics and other products are flushed through the sewer system.

According to Britain’s KentLive, more than 50 organizations had officially partnered with the campaign in 2020. Naomi Wright from Unblocktober spoke with KentLive, saying:30

“The coronavirus crisis has taken a terrible toll on communities around the world, and unfortunately that damage has reached our sewage networks and rivers, lakes and seas too.

With more people at home during the global lockdown, ‘coronavirus fatbergs’ have been forming at staggering rates across the world as a result of ‘unflushable’ items and substances being put down our drain on a much larger scale …”

How Big Is Big?

Behind all these fatbergs or, rather, under the streets where the sewer lines lie, workers have come face to face with some rather large fatbergs. The Tampa Bay Times called the 108 cubic yards of waste found at Sulphur Springs Pump Station “pipe busting.”31 Yet, larger cities are reporting much larger masses and in London, one fatberg did rupture the sewer pipes.

According to The Guardian,32 the fatberg that broke the sewer pipes in Chelsea, West London, was 40 meters (131 feet) long and approximately 10 tonnes (22,046 pounds). Repairs were expected to take two months and cost £400,000 ($502,000). Thames Water utility company reported to The Guardian in 2015 they had dealt with 200,000 blockages since 2010 and 18,000 homes had been flooded with sewer water.33

Another fatberg found in Kensington was reportedly 15 tonnes (33,069 pounds) and 80 meters (262 feet) long, which took sewer workers four days to clear.34 After residents reported having trouble flushing their toilets, workers found 95% of the 2.4-meter (7.8 feet) diameter sewer pipe was blocked. It required three weeks of work with high-powered jets to clear this fatberg.

A spokesperson from Thames water called this monstrosity “a heaving, sick smelling, rotting mass of filth and feces. It hits the back of your throat, it’s gross.”35 The largest fatberg was unearthed in White chapel, East London, in September 2017, sparking public fascination with the phenomenon.36

After a slice of this one was put on display in the Museum of London, there was a “marked increase in attendance.”37 To address the 117 tonnes (257,941 pounds) of fatberg under the streets of London, Thames Water Utilities System had an eight-person crew working seven days a week transporting 20 to 30 tons of the fatberg off-site for recycling each day.

To put that into perspective, this particular fatberg weighed nearly as much as a blue whale and was twice the size of the playing field at London’s Wembley Stadium.38 Once the fatberg was removed, it was recycled into 2,700 gallons of biodiesel fuel.39

What You Can Do to Protect Your City Sewer System

Consumers can take several small steps that will make a large impact on the sewer system in their city. These fatbergs place a significant drain on taxpayer dollars and place sewer workers at risk of battling the foul-smelling and bacteria-ridden masses.

Avoid flushing anything down the toilet that isn’t human waste or toilet paper. Everything else should go into the garbage. This includes fat, oil, grease, wipes of any nature, feminine hygiene products, condoms and paper towels.

If you enjoy using ‘flushable’ wipes, consider getting a bidet that does a more thorough job using just warm water. Consumers and businesses should install grease traps that reduce the amount of fat and oil that goes down the drain. These are installed below the sink and require regular maintenance to clean.

Consider keeping a grease can where any fat or cooking oil can be dumped and then placed in the garbage. Pans with a little oil clean nicely with a paper towel that can easily be dumped into the garbage.


Are These Chemicals Part of a Depopulation Agenda?

In the After Skool video above, Shanna H. Swan, Ph.D., a leading environmental and reproductive epidemiologist and professor of environmental medicine and public health at the Icahn school of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City, examines the role of environmental toxins in reproductive health.

In 1992, researchers published data showing the quality of sperm counts in men had been cut nearly in half over the previous 50 years. According to this study:1

“Linear regression of data weighted by number of men in each study showed a significant decrease in mean sperm count from 113 x 10(6)/ml in 1940 to 66 x 10(6)/ml in 1990 and in seminal volume from 3.40 ml to 2.75 ml, indicating an even more pronounced decrease in sperm production than expressed by the decline in sperm density …

As male fertility is to some extent correlated with sperm count the results may reflect an overall reduction in male fertility. The biological significance of these changes is emphasized by a concomitant increase in the incidence of genitourinary abnormalities such as testicular cancer and possibly also cryptorchidism and hypospadias, suggesting a growing impact of factors with serious effects on male gonadal function.”

Are Humans Going Extinct?

Swan was initially skeptical, but she decided to look into it some more. To her amazement, after reviewing each of the 60 studies included in that 1992 analysis, she could find nothing to indicate that the finding was a fluke. It was the most stable trend she’d ever come across, and she spent the next 20 years investigating why human reproduction is plummeting.

In 2017, she published a systematic review and meta-regression analysis2 showing a 50% to 60% drop in total sperm count among men in North America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand between 1973 and 2011. Overall, men in these countries had a 52.4% decline in sperm concentration and a 59.3% decline in total sperm count (sperm concentration multiplied by the total volume of an ejaculate).

Swan refers to this shocking 39-year decline as “the 1% effect,” meaning the cumulative effect that an annual change of just 1% has over time. Testosterone has also declined in tandem with lower sperm counts, while miscarriage rates among women and erectile dysfunction among men have been steadily rising.

If these trends continue, and there’s no indication that they won’t, in the not-so-distant future, we’ll be looking at a male population that is completely infertile. At that point, the human population will become extinct. Along the way, however, we’ll be facing a number of other pressing problems.

How Will We Care for Aging Baby Boomers?

Historically, the age distribution of the population has looked like a pyramid. The bottom largest section was children, the middle, slightly smaller section was working adults, and the top of the pyramid was seniors. This worked out well, because the younger population was able to financially support and care for the much smaller older segment.

We no longer have that pyramid. In most countries, the population distribution now looks like a light bulb, with a narrow base of children, a bulbous segment of adults, and a narrowing but still very large segment of older adults.

Part of the equation is the fact that life spans have gotten longer, which is wonderful. But the funds to support this aging population — through social security and Medicare in the U.S., for example — are dwindling, as the payer base is shrinking so dramatically.

Another problem is the fact that we won’t have the labor force required to keep the economy afloat. There aren’t enough children to fill all the jobs after the adult population retires.

What’s the Cause?

According to Swan, there are likely a whole host of factors contributing to this reproductive calamity. We can, however, rule out genetics, because the decline in sperm count is simply too rapid. A 50% decline in just two generations cannot be explained by genetics.

That leaves us with environmental causes. Environmental causes can be broadly divided into two broad categories: Lifestyle and chemicals. Lifestyle factors that negatively impact fertility include:

  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Binge drinking
  • Stress

On the chemical side, we know that a great number of chemicals can impact fertility either directly or indirectly, but the most concerning class are endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs).3 EDCs disrupt hormones, including sex hormones necessary for reproductive function.

Many EDCs will mimic hormones, effectively taking their place. But, of course, the chemical doesn’t function the way the natural hormone does, so whatever that hormone controls won’t function well either. As explained in the 2019 report, “Male Infertility and Environmental Factors”:4

“Classically the EDCs bind to the androgen or estrogen receptor triggering an agonist or antagonist action. These in turn lead to increased or decreased gene expression of sex-specific genes.

In addition, EDCs act on steroidogenic enzymes and the metabolism of hormones, for example, inhibit the activity of 5-α reductase, which is the most important enzyme in the production of dihydrotestosterone and hence the regulation of the masculinization of the external genitalia and the prostate.

Furthermore, P450 enzymes in the liver that metabolize steroid hormones may be affected. In animal models EDCs affect hormone receptor levels. In addition to the effect on hormone action, animal experiments suggest that EDCs may also result in epigenetic changes and miRNA levels.”

Shaw suspects EDCs are a primary culprit in infertility, in part because we’re surrounded by them every day of our lives. We’re exposed to them through our food, water, personal care products, furniture, building materials, plastics and much more.

In Utero Exposure to EDCs Can Drive Down Fertility

The most vulnerable time of a person’s life is in utero. This is when the building blocks for your reproductive system are laid down, and exposure to EDCs at this time can wreak havoc with a child’s adult reproductive capacity. Since the fetus shares the mother’s body, everything the mother is exposed to, the fetus is exposed to.

As explained in the video, a boy’s reproductive system is dependent on a certain level of testosterone for proper development. If the testosterone level is too low, his reproductive system will be impaired to some degree. In short, without sufficient testosterone, the boy’s reproductive system will “default” to female. He will be feminized, or as Shaw describes it, “incompletely masculinized.”

Phthalates Are in Everybody

Shaw was tipped off to investigate phthalates by a chemist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, who noted that these EDCs have been found in everybody, including pregnant women.

Specifically, phthalates have been shown to disrupt the reproductive development of males, because they lower testosterone levels and incomplete male development in animals has now become so prevalent, there’s even a name for it: phthalate syndrome.

Animal studies have shown that when a pregnant mother is fed phthalates in early pregnancy, her male offspring will have smaller and less developed reproductive organs. His testicles may not be descended, his penis may be smaller, and his anogenital distance (the distance between the anus and the genitals) tends to be shorter.

Shaw was the first to study the anogenital distance in human male infants, and was able to confirm phthalate syndrome is occurring in humans as well. Boys born of women with high levels of phthalic metabolites in their urine — specifically those that lower testosterone — had phthalate syndrome, and the severity was dose-dependent.

Shaw then replicated the study with another set of mothers and their babies, and found the same result. The next question then is, does a shorter anogenital distance result in lower sperm count?

According to Shaw, boys with a short anogenital distance are more likely to have reproductive defects such as undescended testicles and defects of the penis. He’s also more likely to develop testicular cancer at an earlier age than normal, and he’s more likely to be sub-fertile.

So, it is her professional conclusion that phthalate exposure in utero is “undoubtedly part of the explanation of the decrease in sperm count and fertility.” Phthalates and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have also been linked to reduced bone mineral density in male teens,5 which could have significant implications later in life.

Common Sources of Phthalate Exposure

Phthalates are found in plastics. They’re what make the plastic soft and flexible, so wherever you find soft and pliable plastic, you find phthalates. Examples include:

  • Vinyl clothing, such as raincoats and rubber boots
  • Plastic shower curtains
  • Plastic tubing of all kinds
  • Foods that have been processed through plastic tubing, such as dairy products (the milking machines have plastic tubing)

Phthalates also increase absorption and help retain scent and color, so you’ll find them in:

  • Cosmetics, perfumes and personal care products
  • Scented household products such as laundry soap and air fresheners
  • Pesticides

As noted by Shaw, phthalates are only one class of EDCs. There are several others, including phytoestrogens, dioxins, flame retardants, phenols, PCBs and polyaromatic hydrocarbons. Phthalates, however, are among the most hazardous for male reproductive health due to their ability to block testosterone.

Joe Rogan also recently interviewed Shaw about this. An excerpt is included below. The full interview is available on Spotify.

Phenols Increase Female Sex Hormones

The phenols, such as bisphenol-A (BPA), have the opposite effect in that they make plastic more rigid and hard. In the human body, they increase the female hormone estrogen, resulting in breast development and a flabby midsection. BPA also damages the DNA in sperm.6 Like phthalates, BPA and other bisphenols are extremely pervasive. They’re found in:

The lining of tin cans

Dental sealants

Nonstick food wrappers (food wrappers also contain PFAS)

Hard plastic sippy cups and bottles


Personal care products such as shampoos and lotions

The Good News

The good news here is that many of the chemicals that are most harmful to reproduction are not persistent, and your body can eliminate them in four to six hours.

Sperm production take about 70 days from start to finish, so over time, a man may be able to reverse some of the damage, provided it’s not congenital. The problem, of course, is that most people are exposed to multiple sources 24/7, so successful detox means you have to stop taking them in.

Another piece of good news is that researchers have shown that if you clean up the environment of the offspring from a toxic, unhealthy rat, normal reproductive capacity is restored after three generations of clean living.

While this is a relatively quick fix for rats, the life span of which is only two years, it’s not quite as simple for humans. Three generations in human terms is about 75 years, “but we can start in that direction,” Shaw says, by making sure we a) don’t expose children to EDCs in utero, and b) eliminate further exposure during childhood if the child was exposed in utero.

Forever Chemicals in Our Food and Water

While phthalates and bisphenols are nonpersistent, PFAS — a class of chemicals that are pervasive in soil, water, and human bodies — are so persistent they’re known as “forever chemicals.” In Maine, farmers are now blowing the whistle, warning that PFAS on farmland are a “slow-motion disaster.”7

How do the chemicals get there? While spills and seepage from industrial sites are part of the problem in some areas, the most prevalent source of the contamination is biosolids — toxic human waste sludge — which is being marketed as an affordable fertilizer.

In 2019, I wrote about how the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has failed to adequately regulate the biosolids industry, thereby allowing massive quantities of toxic materials to be introduced into our food supply.

You can learn more about this in the Natural News documentary “Biosludged,” above. PFAS accumulate in the soil and is transferred into your food. Proof of this can be seen in food testing, which in 2017 found PFAS chemicals in 10 of the 91 foods tested.

Chocolate cake had the highest amount — 250 times above the advisory limit for drinking water. (There’s currently no limit for food.) Nearly half of the meat and fish tested also contained double the advisory limit for water. Leafy greens grown within 10 miles of a PFAS plant also contained very high amounts. As you might expect, PFAS also accumulate in your body.

Maine Takes Action

In Maine, PFAS contaminated water wells have sparked both outrage and action. A March 2022 article in The Maine Monitor spells out the game plan:8

“Maine is the first state to comprehensively test for the impacts of forever chemicals from sludge spreading on farmland, a practice occurring nationwide where fully half of wastewater sludge is land-applied. Consequently, Maine has had to pioneer policy actions, moving to implement recommendations of a year-long PFAS task force.

The next policy step must be passage of LD 1911, which would ban land application of sludge and the land application or sale of compost derived from sludge. Two dozen companies and municipalities are licensed to convert sludge into compost, despite the state’s own finding that 89% of finished compost samples exceeded the screening level for PFOA, a common PFAS compound.

Adam Nordell, co-owner of Songbird Farm in Unity — another site of high PFAS contamination — summarized the importance of LD 1911 this way: ‘No one can undo the historic contamination of our land. But we know enough now to turn off the tap.’

A second bill before the Legislature, LD 1639, would prevent the state-owned Juniper Ridge landfill, managed by Casella Waste Systems, from accepting construction and demolition debris that originated out of state and is laden with PFAS and other toxics, increasing the contaminated leachate entering the Penobscot River.”

Toxic Pesticides

Communities in Maryland and Massachusetts have also confirmed that pesticides used against mosquitoes were contaminated with PFAS, even though they’re not supposed to contain such chemicals. In April 2022, the Pesticide Action Network (PAN) reported:9

“EPA claimed that there were no PFAS chemicals used in this way, but independent testing10 revealed that there was PFAS contamination in pesticides being used by mosquito control districts — of 14 mosquito control products tested, half were found to contain PFAS. These products are heavily applied across communities, often weekly, from Spring through Fall.

In response to these concerns, EPA claimed that the PFAS contamination was due to leaching from fluorinated plastic HDPE storage containers. While this explanation has been touted by many as proof that PFAS contamination of pesticides is not a serious concern, the testing in Maryland and Massachusetts revealed that three products were contaminated from another source than the containers.

Beyond this kind of contamination, PFAS are active ingredients in at least 40 pesticide products used worldwide. And this only accounts for pesticides that include PFAS as an active ingredient.

PFAS products are a popular surfactant (helps spray more easily) so PFAS may also be used as inert ingredients in pesticides, which unfortunately don’t have to be reported since chemical composition falls under ‘trade secret’ jurisdiction.

It is clear that PFAS are present in a variety of commonly-used pesticide products, regardless of storage conditions. No research has been done on the synergistic effects of PFAS and pesticides — which we know pose their own set of human and environmental health risks.”

Again and again, the EPA has failed in its duty to protect public health from chemicals that wreak havoc on human health, fetal development and fertility. As noted by PAN, “EPA has engaged in a regulatory stalling tactic — changing the definition of what is considered to be a PFAS to shirk responsibility.”

The new “working definition” of PFAS has been considerably narrowed from what it was, thereby excluding many chemicals used in drugs and pesticides. To counter the EPA’s deliberate shortcomings, the U.S. Congress has also introduced a bill (HR.5987 — the PFAS Definition Improvement Act11) that would require the EPA to use the widest and most comprehensive definition of PFAS.

I join PAN in urging you to call on your representatives to co-sponsor this bill. Maine and Maryland have also proposed bills to prevent PFAS contamination in pesticides specifically.

It’s hard to be optimistic when faced with such dire statistics as a 1% reduction in male fertility per year. But if we care about life, we must at least try to turn things around. One step in the right direction would be to eliminate EDCs from common use. In the meantime, men and women of childbearing age would be wise to take precautions and clear out anything that might expose them to these chemicals in their day-to-day lives, before they try to conceive.